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Quality of life is the subject of much research. However it lacks an agreed theoretical basis. In studies with older populations(ill) health has been used as a proxy measure for quality of life (QoL). We have developed a needs satisfaction measure of QoL in early old age. Our measure has four ontologically grounded domains: conal, autonomy, pleasure, and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES In the UK, studies of socioeconomic differentials in mortality have generally relied upon occupational social class as the index of socioeconomic position, while in the US, measures based upon education have been widely used. These two measures have different characteristics; for example, social class can change throughout adult life, while(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate strength of associations between risk factors for cardiovascular disease and socioeconomic position during childhood and adulthood. DESIGN Cross sectional analysis of status of cardiovascular risk factors and past and present social circumstances. SUBJECTS 5645 male participants in the west of Scotland collaborative study, a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between social circumstances in childhood and mortality from various causes of death in adulthood. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING 27 workplaces in the west of Scotland. SUBJECTS 5645 men aged 35-64 years at the time of examination. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Death from various causes. RESULTS(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the influence of socioeconomic position over a lifetime on risk factors for cardiovascular disease, on morbidity, and on mortality from various causes. DESIGN Prospective observational study with 21 years of follow up. Social class was determined as manual or non-manual at three stages of participants' lives: from the social class of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To compare associations of childhood and adult socioeconomic position with cardiovascular risk factors measured in adulthood. To estimate the effects of adult socioeconomic position after adjustment for childhood circumstances. DESIGN Cross sectional survey, using the relative index of inequality method to compare socioeconomic(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate whether longstanding illnesses, social context, and current socioeconomic circumstances predict quality of life. DESIGN Secondary analysis of wave 1 of the English longitudinal study of aging. Missing data were imputed and multiple regression analyses conducted. SETTING England, 2002 PARTICIPANTS Nationally representative(More)
Introduction This month marks the 10th anniversary of the publication of the Black report.' In 1977 the Research Working Group on Inequalities in Health had been convened by David Ennals, then Secretary of State for Social Services, under the chairmanship of Sir Douglas Black, president of the Royal College of Physicians. Its findings were not welcomed by(More)
The accumulation hypothesis would propose that the longer the duration of exposure to disadvantaged socio-economic position, the greater the risk of myocardial infarction. However there may be a danger of confounding between accumulation and possibly more complex combinations of critical periods of exposure and social mobility. The objective of this paper(More)
Recent interest in a lifecourse perspective on health inequalities will rekindle concerns about the accuracy of retrospective data. The present paper demonstrates that recalled information on some types of social circumstances can be obtained with a useful degree of accuracy using an interview technique which helps to minimize recall bias. Lifegrid(More)