David Bittner

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Previous studies showed that S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine perturbs intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis [Vamvakas et al., Mol Pharmacol 38: 455-461, 1990]. The objective of the present study was to investigate the cellular events that precede and that follow S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine-induced mitochondrial Ca2+ release. In incubations with isolated(More)
Vaults are cytoplasmic ribonucleoprotein structures that display a complex morphology reminiscent of the multiple arches which form cathedral vaults, hence their name. Previous studies on rat liver vaults (Kedersha, N. L., and L. H. Rome. 1986. J. Cell Biol. 103:699-709) have established that their composition is unlike that of any known class of(More)
In the past 40 years, there has been increasing acceptance that variation in levels of gene expression represents a major source of evolutionary novelty. Gene expression divergence is therefore likely to be involved in the emergence of incipient species, namely, in a context of adaptive radiation. In the lake whitefish species complex (Coregonus(More)
Specific repair endonucleases were used to quantify oxidative modifications in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from rat liver and from porcine liver and kidney by means of a relaxation assay. In rat liver mitochondria the number of modifications sensitive to formamidopyrimidine--DNA glycosylase (FPG protein), which include 8-hydroxyguanine(More)
Glutathione and cysteine S-conjugates of several haloalkenes are nephrotoxic and cytotoxic. Chloroalkene-derived S-(1-chloroalkenyl)-L-cysteine conjugates, but not fluoroalkene-derived S-(2,2-dihalo-1,1-difluorethyl)-L-cysteine conjugates, are mutagenic in the Ames test, although both types of S-conjugates are cytotoxic and nephrotoxic. Recent studies(More)
In recent years, numerous cases of morphological gonadal alterations in fish have been recorded throughout the world and across a wide range of species. In the whitefish Coregonus fatioi from the pre-alpine Lake Thun (Switzerland), the frequency of gonadal alterations is particularly high and the variety of alteration types large. Little is known about the(More)
The protooncogenes c-myc and c-fos play an important role in growth and differentiation of renal tissue. They are highly expressed during embryogenesis in the mitotically active tubule epithelium, while in terminally differentiated tubule cells of the kidney the expression is completely shut off. Furthermore, induction of cell proliferation in cultured(More)
Contrast enhancement in liver MR can be achieved by a variety of fundamentally different strategies. The published clinical literature regarding Gd DTPA (gadopentetate dimeglumine), Gd HP-DO3A (gadoteridol), Gd BOPTA (gadobenate dimeglumine), Mn DPDP, and AMI-25 is reviewed, followed by a brief discussion of two new iron particulate agents currently in(More)
Dichlorovinylcysteine (DCVC), the key metabolite of the nephrotoxic and nephrocarcinogenic chemicals, trichloroethylene and dichloroacetylene, exerts potent acute cellular toxicity in LLC-PK1 cells (Vamvakas S., Bittner, D., Dekant, W. and Anders, M.W. (1992). Events that precede and that follow S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine-induced release of(More)