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Experiments were performed to examine the cyanide-binding properties of resting and pulsed cytochrome c oxidase in both their stable and transient turnover states. Inhibition of the oxidation of ferrocytochrome c was monitored as a function of cyanide concentration. Cyanide binding to partially reduced forms produced by mixing cytochrome c oxidase with(More)
A method for protein staining using copper phthalocyanine 3,4',4'',4'''-tetrasulfonic acid tetrasodium salt is described. The procedure is applicable to protein blots and tissue prints, as well as to polyacrylamide and agarose gels. It is also simple, involving only application of the stain and rinsing. For protein blots and tissue prints the staining is(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) in the hypothalamus serves as the pacemaker for mammalian circadian rhythms. In a hamster brain slice preparation, the authors were able to record spontaneous activity from SCN cells for up to 4 days in vitro and verify a self-sustained rhythm in firing. The phase of this rhythm was altered by the concentration of glucose(More)
Oxidized cytochrome c oxidase can bind hydrogen peroxide, as evidenced by changes in its spectrum and its ability to use hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor in cytochrome c oxidation. The affinity of the oxidized enzyme for hydrogen peroxide is high, with a Kd of less than 10 microM, and the binding is inhibited by ligands of cytochrome a3. Oxidized(More)
The hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), which in mammals serves as the master circadian pacemaker by synchronizing autonomous clocks in peripheral tissues, is composed of coupled single-cell oscillators that are driven by interlocking positive/negative transcriptional/translational feedback loops. Several studies have suggested that heme, a common(More)
A stoichiometric amount of methylmercuric chloride substantially inhibits cytochrome c oxidase function under steady-state turnover conditions, where the enzyme is using its substrates, cytochrome c and oxygen, rapidly and continuously. Under these conditions, a reduction in activity of approximately 40% is observed. This is in accord with the results of(More)
Oxidized cytochrome c oxidase in a carbon monoxide atmosphere slowly becomes reduced as shown by changes in its visible spectra and its reactivity toward oxygen. The "auto-reduction" of cytochrome c oxidase by this procedure has been used to prepare mixed valence hybrids. We have found that this process is a general phenomenon for oxygen-binding heme(More)
The reduction of cytochrome c oxidase by dithionite was reinvestigated with a flow-flash technique and with varied enzyme preparations. Since cytochrome a3 may be defined as the heme in oxidase which can form a photolabile CO adduct in the reduced state, it is possible to follow the time course of cytochrome a3 reduction by monitoring the onset of(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase isolated from hammerhead shark red muscle is monomeric in relation to the dimeric form of isolated bovine cytochrome c oxidase but in other ways bears a close resemblance to the enzyme isolated from mammalian tissue [1, 2]. Comparative studies of shark and bovine cytochrome c oxidase were extended to address the degree of functional(More)
Triethylamine and 1-methylimidazole were found to be selective catalysts for the Dakin-West synthesis of diaryl ketones and aryl methyl ketones, respectively. In the 1-methylimidazole-catalyzed reaction, catalysis is due to the simultaneous formation of both an effective acylating agent, 1-acyl-3-methylimidazolium, and a base, carboxylate anion.(More)