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The respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an important human pathogen, yet neither a vaccine nor effective therapies are available to treat infection. To help elucidate the replication mechanism of this RNA virus, we determined the three-dimensional (3D) crystal structure at 3.3 A resolution of a decameric, annular ribonucleoprotein complex of the RSV(More)
The mitochondrial 2-Cys peroxiredoxin PrxIII serves as a thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase operating in tandem with its cognate partners, an organelle-specific thioredoxin (Trx2) and NADP-linked thioredoxin reductase (TRR2). This PrxIII pathway is emerging as a primary regulator of intracellular H(2)O(2) levels with dual roles in antioxidant defence and(More)
Adenoviruses are used extensively as gene transfer agents, both experimentally and clinically. However, targeting of liver cells by adenoviruses compromises their potential efficacy. In cell culture, the adenovirus serotype 5 fiber protein engages the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) to bind cells. Paradoxically, following intravascular(More)
The nucleoprotein of measles virus consists of an N-terminal moiety, N(CORE), resistant to proteolysis and a C-terminal moiety, N(TAIL), hypersensitive to proteolysis and not visible as a distinct domain by electron microscopy. We report the bacterial expression, purification, and characterization of measles virus N(TAIL). Using nuclear magnetic resonance,(More)
Bovine mitochondrial SP-22 is a member of the peroxiredoxin family of peroxidases. It belongs to the peroxiredoxin 2-Cys subgroup containing three cysteines at positions 47, 66, and 168. The cloning and overexpression in Escherichia coli of recombinant wild type SP-22 and its three cysteine mutants (C47S, C66S, and C168S) are reported. Purified His-tagged(More)
Compartmentalization is an important process, since it allows the segregation of metabolic activities and, in the era of synthetic biology, represents an important tool by which defined microenvironments can be created for specific metabolic functions. Indeed, some bacteria make specialized proteinaceous metabolic compartments called bacterial(More)
Nucleocapsid (N) proteins from representative viruses of three genera within the Paramyxoviridae were expressed in insect cells using recombinant baculoviruses. RNA-containing structures, which appear morphologically identical to viral nucleocapsids, were isolated and subsequently imaged under a transmission electron microscope. Analysis of these images(More)
Measles virus is a highly contagious virus that, despite the existence of an effective vaccine, is a major cause of illness and mortality worldwide. The virus has a negative-sense, single-stranded RNA genome that is encapsidated by the nucleocapsid protein (N) to form a helical ribonucleoprotein complex known as the nucleocapsid. This structure serves as(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of coagulation factor X (FX) in adenovirus (Ad) serotype 5-mediated liver transduction in vivo. FX binds to the adenovirus hexon hypervariable regions (HVRs). Here, we perform a systematic analysis of FX binding to Ad5 HVRs 5 and 7, identifying domains and amino acids critical for this interaction. We(More)
Virus-like particles composed of the core antigen of hepatitis B virus (HBcAg) have been shown to be an effective platform for the display of foreign epitopes in vaccine development. Heterologous sequences have been successfully inserted at both amino and carboxy termini as well as internally at the major immunodominant epitope. We used cryogenic electron(More)