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Curcumin, a constituent of the spice turmeric, has been shown to reduce the adenoma burden in rodent models of colorectal cancer accompanied by a reduction of levels of the oxidative DNA adduct 3-(2-deoxy-beta-di-erythro-pentafuranosyl)-pyr[1,2-alpha]-purin-10(3H)one (M(1)G) and of expression of the enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). We tested the hypothesis(More)
Silibinin, a flavonolignan from milk thistle, has intestinal cancer chemopreventive efficacy in rodents. It is a strong antioxidant and modulates the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system by increasing circulating levels of IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) and decreasing levels of IGF-I. Here, the hypothesis was tested that administration of oral silibinin(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Due to enhanced imaging modalities, pancreatic cysts are being increasingly detected, often as an incidental finding. They comprise a wide range of differing underlying pathologies from completely benign through premalignant to frankly malignant. The exact diagnostic and management pathway of these cysts remains problematic and this review(More)
Serological proinflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been associated with reduced survival for many different types of cancer. This study determined the prognostic value of the preoperative value of these markers in patients with resectable pancreatic(More)
The phytochemical resveratrol has undergone extensive preclinical investigation for its putative cancer chemopreventive properties. Low systemic availability of the parent compound due to rapid and extensive metabolism may confound its usefulness as a potential agent to prevent malignancies in organs remote from the site of absorption. Micronization allows(More)
PURPOSE Liver metastases represent the principal cause of death in patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Injection of resin microspheres (SIR Spheres)--containing the beta-emitter, yttrium-90--into the arterial supply of the liver can cause radioembolization of metastases. This treatment has not been tested with the radiosensitizing chemotherapy,(More)
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal tumours of the gastrointestinal tract. The ability to predict which patients would benefit most from surgical intervention and/or chemotherapy would be a great clinical asset. Considerable research has focused on identifying molecular events in pancreatic carcinogenesis, and their correlation with(More)
AIMS With a progressively ageing population, increasing numbers of elderly patients will present with colorectal metastases and be referred for surgical resection. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of hepatic resection in patients over 70 years of age by comparing outcomes with those of a younger cohort of patients. METHODS Forty-nine(More)
We compared external trabeculotomy and goniotomy in similar groups of patients with developmental glaucoma. External trabeculotomy was statistically more successful as a first operation (19 of 23 eyes, 83%) than goniotomy (eight of 24 eyes, 33%) (P = .003). With multiple operations both procedures controlled intraocular pressure in most patients but more(More)
Angiogenesis is an obligatory event for the growth of tumours beyond 2 mm in diameter, above which simple oxygen diffusion can no longer support the rapid proliferation of malignant cells. Angiogenesis is a fine balance between inhibitory and stimulatory factors, the knowledge of which offers novel targets for the treatment of gastrointestinal neoplasia. A(More)