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Brown fat can increase energy expenditure and protect against obesity through a specialized program of uncoupled respiration. Here we show by in vivo fate mapping that brown, but not white, fat cells arise from precursors that express Myf5, a gene previously thought to be expressed only in the myogenic lineage. We also demonstrate that the transcriptional(More)
We have identified and mapped three members of a new family of vertebrate genes, designated Eya1, Eya2 and Eya3, which share high sequence similarity with the Drosophila eyes absent (eya) gene. Comparison of all three murine Eya gene products and that encoded by the Drosophila eya gene defines a 271 amino acid carboxyl terminal Eya domain, which has been(More)
Mutations at the steel locus (Sl) of the mouse affect the same cellular targets as mutations at the white spotting locus (W), which is allelic with the c-kit proto-oncogene. We show that KL, a hematopoietic growth factor obtained from conditioned medium of BALB/c 3T3 fibroblasts that stimulates the proliferation of mast cells and early erythroid(More)
Organizing centers in the developing brain provide an assortment of instructive patterning cues, including Sonic hedgehog (Shh). Here we characterize the forebrain phenotype caused by loss of Ttc21b, a gene we identified in an ENU mutagenesis screen as a novel ciliary gene required for retrograde intraflagellar transport. The Ttc21b mutant has defects in(More)
Genomic imprinting is a regulatory process that requires a cell to recognize the parental origin of alleles. To understand how these alleles are distinguished, we have assessed changes in the DNA methylation of an imprinted transgene as it switches from one inheritance pattern to another while moving through gametogenesis and embryogenesis. We find that(More)
In this paper we describe an image based object recognition and tracking method for mobile AR-devices and the correlative process to generate the required data. The object recognition and tracking base on the 3D-geometries of the related objects. Correspondings between live camera images and 3D-models are generated and used to determine the location and(More)
Mice homozygous for the recessive allelic mutation motheaten (me) or viable motheaten (mev) on chromosome 6 develop severe defects in hematopoiesis. In this paper we present the findings that the me and mev mutations are within the hematopoietic cell protein-tyrosine phosphatase (Hcph) gene. High resolution mapping localized me to an area tightly linked to(More)
Two intraflagellar transport (IFT) complexes, IFT-A and IFT-B, build and maintain primary cilia and are required for activity of the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway. A weak allele of the IFT-A gene, Ift144, caused subtle defects in cilia structure and ectopic activation of the Shh pathway. In contrast, strong loss of IFT-A, caused by either absence of Ift144(More)
The axial midline is an important source of patterning and morphogenesis cues in the vertebrate embryo. The midline derives from a small group of cells in the gastrulating embryo, known as "the organizer" in recognition of its ability to organize an entire body plan. The mammalian organizer, the node, gives rise to axial midline structures: the notochord,(More)
We report the characterization of a highly germline competent C57BL/6N mouse embryonic stem cell line, JM8. To simplify breeding schemes, the dominant agouti coat color gene was restored in JM8 cells by targeted repair of the C57BL/6 nonagouti mutation. These cells provide a robust foundation for large-scale mouse knockout programs that aim to provide a(More)