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A Blessing or a Curse? State Support for Terrorist Groups
Abstract Little existing work has systematically examined the factors that help terrorist groups survive or contribute to their failure. State support for terrorist groups is commonly thought to be aExpand
Democracy and Multilateralism: The Case of Vote Buying in the UN General Assembly
Abstract Democracies are more supportive of US positions on important votes in the UN General Assembly than of nondemocracies. Is this because democracies share common perspectives, or does thisExpand
The Strategy of Territorial Conflict
Many empirical studies have found that disputes over territory are central to the outbreak and intensity of the majority of interstate military conflict. However, the existing literature lacks anExpand
Provocation and the Strategy of Terrorist and Guerrilla Attacks
Abstract Violent nonstate groups are usually weaker than the states they target. Theory suggests that groups carefully condition their choice of tactics on anticipated state response. Yet scholarsExpand
Why Do States Build Walls? Political Economy, Security, and Border Stability
Borders constitute the international system of states. Accordingly, states will, from time to time, take assertive measures to secure the border, with among the most aggressive strategies being theExpand
Fair-Weather Allies? Terrorism and the Allocation of US Foreign Aid
While it is commonly assumed that the United States uses foreign aid as an instrument to combat global terrorism, it is unclear whether it views terrorist threats to other countries, particularly itsExpand
Terrorism In Dictatorships
A key finding in the terrorism literature is that dictatorships experience less terrorism than democracies. However, we have few explanations for why some dictatorships experience substantial threatsExpand
Electoral Institutions and the Emergence of Terrorist Groups
A wide range of studies find that democracies experience more terrorism than non-democracies. However, surprisingly little terrorism research takes into account the variation among democracies inExpand
When terrorism is evidence of state success: securing the state against territorial groups
I develop a game-theoretic model in which the state first allocates limited resources across defensive and offensive security measures, simultaneously choosing whether to attempt forceful eliminationExpand
Places to Hide: Terrain, Ethnicity, and Civil Conflict
Terrain is central to understanding why some countries experience contentious ethnic divisions and civil war. While existing research specifies a direct effect of rugged terrain on civil war (i.e.,Expand