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We describe a simple process for the fabrication of ultrathin, transparent, optically homogeneous, electrically conducting films of pure single-walled carbon nanotubes and the transfer of those films to various substrates. For equivalent sheet resistance, the films exhibit optical transmittance comparable to that of commercial indium tin oxide in the(More)
  • B Abbott, R Abbott, R Adhikari, B Allen, R Amin, S B Anderson +361 others
  • 2003
For 17 days in August and September 2002, the LIGO and GEO interferometer gravitational wave detectors were operated in coincidence to produce their first data for scientific analysis. Although the detectors were still far from their design sensitivity levels, the data can be used to place better upper limits on the flux of gravitational waves incident on(More)
The electromagnetic spectrum between 300GHz and 3THz is broadly referred as terahertz [1]. The utility of this portion of spectrum for detection of chemicals and bio agents, for imaging of concealed weapons, cancer cells and manufacturing defects [1, 2], and for studying chemical species using electron paramagnetic resonance, as well as, in short range(More)
A review of electrochromic (EC) polymers and their applications in absorption/transmission, reflective, and patterned electrochromic devices (ECDs) is presented. Fundamental properties of EC materials such as optical contrast, coloration efficiency, switching speed, and stability are described along with the commonly used characterization methods. The(More)
The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) has performed the fourth science run, S4, with significantly improved interferometer sensitivities with respect to previous runs. Using data acquired during this science run, we place a limit on the amplitude of a stochastic background of gravitational waves. For a frequency independent(More)
The fourth science run of the LIGO and GEO 600 gravitational-wave detectors, carried out in early 2005, collected data with significantly lower noise than previous science runs. We report on a search for short-duration gravitational-wave bursts with arbitrary waveform in the 64–1600 Hz frequency range appearing in all three LIGO interferometers. Signal(More)
We report on an all-sky search with the LIGO detectors for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency range 50 –1000 Hz and with the frequency's time derivative in the range ÿ1 10 ÿ8 Hz s ÿ1 to zero. Data from the fourth LIGO science run (S4) have been used in this search. Three different semicoherent methods of transforming and summing strain power from(More)
  • B Abbott, W G Anderson, S Babak, M A Barton, K Bayer, K Belczynski +59 others
  • 2007
We present upper limits on the gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars based on data from the third and fourth science runs of the LIGO and GEO 600 gravitational wave detectors. The data from both runs have been combined coherently to maximise sensitivity. For the first time pulsars within binary (or multiple) systems have been included in the(More)