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The phenazine pigments pyocyanin and 1-hydroxyphenazine were resolved by high-pressure liquid chromatography from the sputum sol phase from 9 of 13 patients with cystic fibrosis or bronchiectasis colonized by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The concentrations measured were each sufficient to inhibit ciliary beating in vitro and contributed a significant proportion(More)
A total of 11 of 15 Streptococcus pneumoniae culture filtrates and all five bacterial autolysates produced by cell death in the stationary phase caused slowed ciliary beating and disruption of the surface integrity of human respiratory epithelium in organ culture. This effect was inhibited by cholesterol and was heat labile and reduced by standing at room(More)
50 patients with chronic mucopurulent rhinosinusitis were randomly allocated to treatment with nasal sprays of dexamethasone, tramazoline, and neomycin, dexamethasone and tramazoline with no antibiotic, or matched placebo (propellant alone) four times daily to both nostrils for 2 weeks. The patients were assessed in a double-blind manner for symptomatic(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa culture filtrates varied in their ability to slow human ciliary beat frequency (7-71%). This activity did not correlate with known virulence factors. However, a close correlation (r = 0.97) existed between ciliary slowing and pigment content. In a prolonged culture, the increase in activity correlated (r = 0.94) with pigment(More)
Mucociliary clearance depends on the interaction between cilia and mucus; it is delayed in the presence of purulent secretions. Nasal mucociliary clearance was examined by the saccharin method and nasal ciliary beat frequency by a photometric technique. Four groups were studied: normal controls, patients with bronchiectasis without nasal symptoms, patients(More)
The relationship between lumbar sagittal mobility and symptoms was explored in a 1-year prospective study of 55 patients undergoing manipulative treatment. A significant increase in mean mobility was found to occur in the 1st month, together with a concomitant significant decrease in mean pain values; symptoms continued to decrease thereafter, but mobility(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the interobserver and intraobserver variability of blood pressure measurements in geriatric patients in atrial fibrillation and in sinus rhythm. DESIGN Prospective assessment of blood pressure measurements carried out in random order in two groups of elderly patients by five doctors unaware of the aims of the study. SETTING Acute(More)
Patients with chronic bronchial sepsis have impaired mucociliary clearance. A study was carried out on the effect of sputum sol (obtained by rapid centrifugation of purulent sputum) from 20 patients with chronic bronchial sepsis on the beating of human nasal cilia in vitro by a photometric technique. Thirteen sols caused significant (p less than 0.001)(More)
Human alveolar macrophages were obtained during diagnostic bronchoalveolar lavage. Cells were cultured, and morphological examination (including electron microscopy) revealed that not more than 5% of the cultured cells were identifiable as cells other than alveolar macrophages. The cells were sensitized with human myeloma immunoglobulin E. and then(More)