David B Sykes

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The diverse functions of macrophages as participants in innate and acquired immune responses are regulated by the specific milieu of environmental factors, cytokines, and other signaling molecules that are encountered at sites of inflammation. Microarray analysis of the transcriptional response of mouse peritoneal macrophages to the T(H)2 cytokine(More)
Differentiation mechanisms and inflammatory functions of neutrophils and macrophages are usually studied by genetic and biochemical approaches that require costly breeding and time-consuming purification to obtain phagocytes for functional analysis. Because Hox oncoproteins enforce self-renewal of factor-dependent myeloid progenitors, we queried whether(More)
Defining the molecular mechanisms that coordinately regulate proliferation and differentiation is a central issue in development. Here, we describe a mechanism in which induction of the Ets repressor METS/PE1 links terminal differentiation to cell cycle arrest. Using macrophages as a model, we provide evidence that METS/PE1 blocks Ras-dependent(More)
Hoxa9 and Meis1a are homeodomain transcription factors that heterodimerize on DNA and are down-regulated during normal myeloid differentiation. Hoxa9 and Meis1a cooperate to induce acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in mice, and are coexpressed in human AML. Despite their cooperativity in leukemogenesis, we demonstrated previously that retroviral expression of(More)
The genes encoding Hoxa9 and Meis1 are transcriptionally coactivated in a subset of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in mice. In marrow reconstitution experiments, coexpression of both genes produces rapid AML, while neither gene alone generates overt leukemia. Although Hoxa9 and Meis1 can bind DNA as heterodimers, both can also heterodimerize with Pbx(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) possess the ability to self-renew and to differentiate to mature progeny along multiple different hematopoietic lineages. The function of HSCs depends upon the signals from surrounding cells found within the highly specialized microenvironment termed the hematopoietic stem cell niche. Understanding and exploiting the HSC(More)
The molecular pathways of normal myeloid differentiation, as well as the mechanisms by which oncogenes disrupt this process, remain poorly understood. A major limitation in approaching this problem has been the lack of suitable cell lines that exhibit normal, terminal, and synchronous differentiation in the absence of endogenous oncoproteins and in response(More)
Macrophages participate in physiologic and pathologic processes through elaboration of distinct activation programs. Studies with macrophage cell systems have revealed much concerning the importance of this pleiotropic cell; however, these studies are inherently limited by three factors: heterogeneity of the target cell population, poor capacity to(More)
The association between acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and the aberrant expression of Hoxa9 is evidenced by (1) proviral activation of Hoxa9 and Meis1 in BXH-2 murine AML, (2) formation of the chimeric Nup98-HoxA9 transactivator protein as a consequence of the t(7;11) translocation in human AML, and (3) the strong expression of HoxA9 and Meis1 in human AML.(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common primary central nervous system neoplasm. Its dismal prognosis has led to investigation of new treatment strategies such as immunogene therapy. We transduced the human glioblastoma cell line D54MG in vitro with genes encoding the proinflammatory cytokine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), the(More)