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UNLABELLED The Inveon dedicated PET (DPET) scanner is the latest generation of preclinical PET systems devoted to high-resolution and high-sensitivity murine model imaging. In this study, we report on its performance based on the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) NU-4 standards. METHODS The Inveon DPET consists of 64 lutetium(More)
Alu repeated sequences arising in DNA of the human lineage during about the last 30 million years are closely similar to a modern consensus. Alu repeats arising at earlier times share correlated blocks of differences from the current consensus at diagnostic positions in the sequence. Using these 26 positions, we can recognize four subfamilies and the older(More)
UNLABELLED Small-animal PET scanning with (18)F-FDG is increasingly used in murine models of human diseases. However, the impact of dietary conditions, mode of anesthesia, and ambient temperature on the biodistribution of (18)F-FDG in mice has not been systematically studied so far. The aim of this study was to determine how these factors affect assessment(More)
In six vervet monkeys, presynaptic striatal dopamine function was assessed longitudinally by [18F]fluoro-L-DOPA (FDOPA)-positron emission tomography (PET) after administration (2 x 2 mg/kg, i.m., 4 h apart) of either amphetamine (Amp), n = 3, or methamphetamine (MeAmp), n = 3. At 1-2 weeks postdrug, both Amp and MeAmp exposure effected similar decreases(More)
We have constructed a three-dimensional (3D) whole body mouse atlas from coregistered x-ray CT and cryosection data of a normal nude male mouse. High quality PET, x-ray CT and cryosection images were acquired post mortem from a single mouse placed in a stereotactic frame with fiducial markers visible in all three modalities. The image data were coregistered(More)
Many research institutions have a full suite of preclinical tomographic scanners to answer biomedical questions in vivo. Routine multi-modality imaging requires robust registration of images generated by various tomographs. We have implemented a hardware registration method for preclinical imaging that is similar to that used in the combined positron(More)
A significant fraction of human Alu repeated sequences are members of the precise, recently inserted class. A cloned member of this class has been used as a probe for interspecies hybridization and thermal stability determination. The probe was reassociated with human, mandrill, and spider monkey DNA under conditions such that only almost perfectly matching(More)
A chronic 10-day amphetamine (Amp) protocol was used to induce significant long-term decrements of the striatal [18F]fluoro-L-DOPA influx rate constant (FDOPA Ki) in the vervet monkey. Longitudinal FDOPA-positron emission tomography (PET) assessment in Amp-treated subjects subsequently revealed a gradual recovery of striatal dopamine function: FDOPA Ki(More)
6-[F-18]Fluoro-L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (FDOPA) has been used to measure the central dopaminergic function in many species, including humans and monkeys. For transport across the blood brain barrier (BBB), FDOPA competes with plasma large neutral amino acids (LNAA). In this article we evaluate the effects of normal physiological LNAA concentration(More)
UNLABELLED 11C-Acetate is currently being investigated as a new tracer for imaging neoplasms, most notably prostate cancer and its metastases. Previously reported dose estimates for (11)C-acetate prepared by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) were based on a simple 3-compartment model in which all activity not measured in blood or(More)