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Thirty-six patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were randomized 1:1:1 to receive a once-daily oral dose of placebo or 150 or 300 mg of the dual SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor LX4211 for 28 days. Relative to placebo, LX4211 enhanced urinary glucose excretion by inhibiting SGLT2-mediated renal glucose reabsorption; markedly and significantly improved multiple(More)
N-Acyl-2-aminothiazoles with nonaromatic acyl side chains containing a basic amine were found to be potent, selective inhibitors of CDK2/cycE which exhibit antitumor activity in mice. In particular, compound 21 [N-[5-[[[5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-2-oxazolyl]methyl]thio]-2-thiazolyl]-4-piperidinecarboxamide, BMS-387032], has been identified as an ATP-competitive(More)
The prevalence of diabetes throughout the world continues to increase and has become a major health issue. Recently there have been several reports of inhibitors directed toward the sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) as a method of maintaining glucose homeostasis in diabetic patients. Herein we report the discovery of the novel O-xyloside 7c(More)
High throughput screening identified 2-acetamido-thiazolylthio acetic ester 1 as an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2). Because this compound is inactive in cells and unstable in plasma, we have stabilized it to metabolic hydrolysis by replacing the ester moiety with a 5-ethyl-substituted oxazole as in compound 14. Combinatorial and parallel(More)
The discovery of a pyrrolopyrimidine class of LIM-kinase 2 (LIMK2) inhibitors is reported. These LIMK2 inhibitors show good potency in enzymatic and cellular assays and good selectivity against ROCK. After topical dosing to the eye in a steroid induced mouse model of ocular hypertension, the compounds reduce intraocular pressure to baseline levels. The(More)
The first allosteric, type III inhibitor of LIM-kinase 2 (LIMK2) is reported. A series of molecules that feature both an N-phenylsulfonamide and tertiary amide were not only very potent at LIMK2 but also were extremely selective against a panel of other kinases. Enzymatic kinetic studies showed these molecules to be noncompetitive with ATP, suggesting(More)
Structure-activity studies of 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine 1 have resulted in the discovery of potent CDK1/CDK2 selective inhibitor 21h, BMS-265246 (CDK1/cycB IC(50)=6 nM, CDK2/cycE IC(50)=9 nM). The 2,6-difluorophenyl substitution was critical for potent inhibitory activity. A solid state structure of 21j, a close di-fluoro analogue, bound to CDK2 shows the(More)
1H-Pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine 3 (SQ-67563) has been shown to be a potent, selective inhibitor of CDK1/CDK2 in vitro. In cells 3 acts as a cytotoxic agent with the ability to block cell cycle progression and/or induce apoptosis. The solid state structure of 3 bound to CDK2 shows 3 resides coincident with the ATP purine binding site and forms important H-bonding(More)
An ultra high-pressure liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (UHPLC/MS) separation and analysis method has been devised for open access analysis of synthetic reactions used in the production of DNA-encoded chemical libraries. The aqueous mobile phase is 100mM hexafluoroisopropanol and 8.6mM triethylamine; the organic mobile phase is methanol. The UHPLC(More)