David B Rawlins

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N-Acyl-2-aminothiazoles with nonaromatic acyl side chains containing a basic amine were found to be potent, selective inhibitors of CDK2/cycE which exhibit antitumor activity in mice. In particular, compound 21 [N-[5-[[[5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-2-oxazolyl]methyl]thio]-2-thiazolyl]-4-piperidinecarboxamide, BMS-387032], has been identified as an ATP-competitive(More)
Thirty-six patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were randomized 1:1:1 to receive a once-daily oral dose of placebo or 150 or 300 mg of the dual SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor LX4211 for 28 days. Relative to placebo, LX4211 enhanced urinary glucose excretion by inhibiting SGLT2-mediated renal glucose reabsorption; markedly and significantly improved multiple(More)
High throughput screening identified 2-acetamido-thiazolylthio acetic ester 1 as an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2). Because this compound is inactive in cells and unstable in plasma, we have stabilized it to metabolic hydrolysis by replacing the ester moiety with a 5-ethyl-substituted oxazole as in compound 14. Combinatorial and parallel(More)
The discovery of a pyrrolopyrimidine class of LIM-kinase 2 (LIMK2) inhibitors is reported. These LIMK2 inhibitors show good potency in enzymatic and cellular assays and good selectivity against ROCK. After topical dosing to the eye in a steroid induced mouse model of ocular hypertension, the compounds reduce intraocular pressure to baseline levels. The(More)
The prevalence of diabetes throughout the world continues to increase and has become a major health issue. Recently there have been several reports of inhibitors directed toward the sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) as a method of maintaining glucose homeostasis in diabetic patients. Herein we report the discovery of the novel O-xyloside 7c(More)
The structure of LX7101, a dual LIM-kinase and ROCK inhibitor for the treatment of ocular hypertension and associated glaucoma, is disclosed. Previously reported LIM kinase inhibitors suffered from poor aqueous stability due to solvolysis of the central urea. Replacement of the urea with a hindered amide resulted in aqueous stable compounds, and addition of(More)
The first allosteric, type III inhibitor of LIM-kinase 2 (LIMK2) is reported. A series of molecules that feature both an N-phenylsulfonamide and tertiary amide were not only very potent at LIMK2 but also were extremely selective against a panel of other kinases. Enzymatic kinetic studies showed these molecules to be noncompetitive with ATP, suggesting(More)
Structure-activity studies of 1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine 1 have resulted in the discovery of potent CDK1/CDK2 selective inhibitor 21h, BMS-265246 (CDK1/cycB IC(50)=6 nM, CDK2/cycE IC(50)=9 nM). The 2,6-difluorophenyl substitution was critical for potent inhibitory activity. A solid state structure of 21j, a close di-fluoro analogue, bound to CDK2 shows the(More)
1H-Pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine 3 (SQ-67563) has been shown to be a potent, selective inhibitor of CDK1/CDK2 in vitro. In cells 3 acts as a cytotoxic agent with the ability to block cell cycle progression and/or induce apoptosis. The solid state structure of 3 bound to CDK2 shows 3 resides coincident with the ATP purine binding site and forms important H-bonding(More)
The increasing number of people afflicted with diabetes throughout the world is a major health issue. Inhibitors of the sodium-dependent glucose cotransporters (SGLT) have appeared as viable therapeutics to control blood glucose levels in diabetic patents. Herein we report the discovery of LX2761, a locally acting SGLT1 inhibitor that is highly potent in(More)