David B. Madsen

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Hunter-gatherer populations in greater northeast Asia experienced dramatic range expansions during the early Upper Paleolithic (45ü22 ka) and the late Upper Pa-leolithic (18ü10 ka), both of which led to intensive occupations of cold desert environments including the Mongolian Gobi and northwest China. Range contractions under the cold, arid extremes of the(More)
s t ro n g. 1989. " Studies of bone technology and taphonomy, Old Crow Basin, Yukon Territory, " in Bone modification. and spread of agriculture: A new model. current anthropology 21:751–72. The period between roughly 45,000 and 30,000 years ago witnessed several critical events in human evolutionary history, among them the appearance and elaboration of(More)
Archeological research over the past several years has started to provide evidence relevant to understanding both the timing of and processes responsible for human colonization of the Tibetan Plateau. This harsh, high-elevation environment is known to exact a heavy demographic toll on recent migrants, and such costs likely erected a substantial(More)
1467 taries or interpretations of classical works. Bhashyas contain interpretations from opposing perspectives by different commentators. The body of work, collectively known as Upanishads, is considered by many to be a col-laborative exploration of knowledge by student and teacher. In a culture that usually gives an exalted position to the teacher,(More)
The use of latest Pleistocene-Holocene paleosols in defining Chinese climatic sequences is plagued by poor chronological controls caused primarily by the use of radiocarbon dates derived from bulk soil carbon. Dating of a post-glacial aeolian/paleosol sequence in the Pigeon Mountain basin of north-central China, using culturally deposited charcoal, support(More)
The pre-Neolithic history of the Tibetan Plateau is virtually unknown. Test excavations of Late Paleolithic sites, described here, provide preliminary evidence that the initial occupation of the plateau's extreme environments was by small groups of foragers probably traveling from lower elevation plateau margins. These foragers occupied very short-term(More)
The area along the eastern and southeastern margins of the Tengger Desert, NW China, which is sensitive to the summer monsoon variations, was selected for studying the environmental conditions surrounding the transition between Paleolithic foragers and Neolithic farmer/pastoral-ists. Short cores were obtained from four lake basins in the southwestern(More)
Dating and geomorphology of shoreline features in the Qinghai Lake basin of northwestern China suggest that, contrary to previous interpretations, the lake likely did not reach levels 66–140 m above modern within the past ∼ 90,000 yr. Maximum highstands of ∼ 20–66 m above modern probably date to Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5. MIS 3 highstands are undated and(More)
Da Qaidam and Xiao Qaidam are two of a number of lakes in northwestern China whose lake histories have been used to support the notion of a ''Greatest Lakes'' period in the region during marine isotope stage (MIS) 3. Reappraisal of the basins' geomorphology, however, suggests that both lakes are highly problematic proxies for past climate. Xiao Qaidam has a(More)
Transitions from terminal Pleistocene Upper Paleolithic foraging to Holocene Neolithic farming and pastoralist economic orientations in the northern Tibetan Plateau are examined from the perspective of Epipaleolithic sites located near Qinghai Lake, Qinghai Province, western China. Jiangxigou 2 is an artifact-rich, multicomponent midden site with the main(More)