David B. Mach

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Bone cancer pain is common among cancer patients and can have a devastating effect on their quality of life. A chief problem in designing new therapies for bone cancer pain is that it is unclear what mechanisms drive this distinct pain condition. Here we show that osteoprotegerin, a secreted ‘decoy’ receptor that inhibits osteoclast activity, also blocks(More)
Although skeletal pain plays a major role in reducing the quality of life in patients suffering from osteoarthritis, Paget's disease, sickle cell anemia and bone cancer, little is known about the mechanisms that generate and maintain this pain. To define the peripheral fibers involved in transmitting and modulating skeletal pain, we used(More)
Bone is the most common site of chronic pain in patients with metastatic cancer. What remains unclear are the mechanisms that generate this pain and why bone cancer pain can be so severe and refractory to treatment with opioids. Here we show that following injection and confinement of NCTC 2472 osteolytic tumor cells within the mouse femur, tumor cells(More)
Bone cancer pain most commonly occurs when tumors originating in breast, prostate, or lung metastasize to long bones, spinal vertebrae, and/or pelvis. Primary and metastatic cancers involving bone account for approximately 400,000 new cancer cases per year in the United States alone, and >70% of patients with advanced breast or prostate cancer have skeletal(More)
The osmoregulatory isoform of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) reductase (Osm-DHAPR) is an enzyme unique to Dunaliella, photosynthetic unicellular green algae adapted to extreme environments. This is the first report of purification of an isoform of DHAP reductase from Dunaliella, specifically the osmoregulatory isoform that is involved in the synthesis of(More)
Pain is the cancer related event that is most disruptive to the cancer patient's quality of life. Although bone cancer pain is one of the most severe and common of the chronic pains that accompany breast, prostate and lung cancers, relatively little is known about the mechanisms that generate and maintain this pain. Recently, we developed a mouse model of(More)
Pain is the most common presenting symptom in patients with bone cancer and bone cancer pain can be both debilitating and difficult to control fully. To begin to understand the mechanisms involved in the generation and maintenance of bone cancer pain, we implanted 3 well-described murine tumor cell lines, 2472 sarcoma, B16 melanoma and C26 colon(More)
More than half of all chronic cancer pain arises from metastases to bone, and bone cancer pain is one of the most difficult of all persistent pain states to fully control. Several tumor types including sarcomas and breast, prostate, and lung carcinomas grow in or preferentially metastasize to the skeleton where they proliferate, and induce significant bone(More)
Although pains arising from the craniofacial complex can be severe and debilitating, relatively little is known about the peripheral and central mechanisms that generate and maintain orofacial pain. To better understand the neurons in the trigeminal complex and spinal cord that are activated following nociceptive stimuli to the orofacial complex, we(More)
Pain is the cancer-related event that is most disruptive to the cancer patient's quality of life. Although bone cancer pain is one of the most severe and common of the chronic pains that accompany breast, prostate, and lung cancers, relatively little is known about the mechanisms that generate and maintain this pain. Recently, we developed a mouse model of(More)