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A meta-analysis of data from 42 independent samples examining the association of a measure of religious involvement and all-cause mortality is reported. Religious involvement was significantly associated with lower mortality (odds ratio = 1.29; 95% confidence interval: 1.20-1.39), indicating that people high in religious involvement were more likely to be(More)
Gratitude is conceptualized as a moral affect that is analogous to other moral emotions such as empathy and guilt. Gratitude has 3 functions that can be conceptualized as morally relevant: (a) a moral barometer function (i.e., it is a response to the perception that one has been the beneficiary of another person's moral actions); (b) a moral motive function(More)
The authors examined models of the relationships between religious activities, physical health, social support, and depressive symptoms in a sample of 4,000 persons age 65 and over. Religious activity was examined first as a single composite construct and then split into three component variables that were examined individually. Religious activity as a(More)
Clinical studies are beginning to clarify how spirituality and religion can contribute to the coping strategies of many patients with severe, chronic, and terminal conditions. The ethical aspects of physician attention to the spiritual and religious dimensions of patients' experiences of illness require review and discussion. Should the physician discuss(More)
The empirical literature from epidemiological and clinical studies regarding the relationship between religious factors (eg, frequency of religious attendance, private religious involvement, and relying on one's religious beliefs as a source of strength and coping) and physical and mental health status in the areas of prevention, coping, and recovery was(More)
The authors review epidemiological and survey research relevant to the relationships between religiousness/spirituality and mental health in people at the end of life, with the end of helping psychiatrists, psychologists, and other mental health professionals dealing with older Americans. They give special attention to well-being, religious coping,(More)
This report focuses on the myotonic (mto) mouse, an autosomal recessive neuromuscular mutant first described in 1982. Studies in vivo confirmed the presence of hindlimb rigidity during walking and typical myotonic electromyographic (EMG) discharges that persisted after nerve transection and complete neuromuscular blockade. Studies of the contractility of(More)
This report describes the histochemical and physiological properties of a rat skeletal muscle with a robust activity-dependent slow inward Ca2+ current. The muscle, the flexor digitorum brevis (FDB), is a small plantar flexor from the hindfoot. It is a homogeneous muscle consisting of approximately 90% fast-twitch oxidative-glycolytic (type IIA) fibers.(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between religious activities and blood pressure in community-dwelling older adults. METHOD Blood pressure and religious activities were assessed in a probability sample of 3,963 persons age sixty-five years or older participating in the Duke EPESE survey. Participants were asked if their doctor had ever informed them(More)