Learn More
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Cardiac surgery is currently considered one of the heaviest users of red blood cells. An explanation may be found, in part, in considering the effect of the heavy clear fluid load associated with cardiopulmonary bypass. This may result in the artificial depression of haemoglobin concentration, overestimating the requirement for red(More)
OBJECTIVE To receive and collate reports of death or major complications of transfusion of blood or components. DESIGN Haematologists were invited confidentially to report deaths and major complications after blood transfusion during October 1996 to September 1998. SETTING Hospitals in United Kingdom and Ireland. SUBJECTS Patients who died or(More)
Summary Randomized controlled trials of good quality are a recognized means to robustly assess the efficacy of interventions in clinical practice. A systematic identification and appraisal of all randomized trials involving fresh frozen plasma (FFP) has been undertaken in parallel to the drafting of the updated British Committee for Standards in Haematology(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether transfusion of red cells either < or =5 days or > or =20 days from donation alters tonometric indexes of gastric mucosal oxygenation or global oxygenation parameters in euvolemic anemic critically ill patients without ongoing hemorrhage. The a priori hypothesis was that stored red cells worsen gastric oxygenation. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The Transfusion Requirements In Critical Care (TRICC) study found that critically ill patients tolerate a restrictive haemoglobin transfusion threshold. We investigated red-cell transfusion practice since publication of the TRICC study in a large Scottish teaching hospital intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Current blood prescription in cardiac surgery is based largely on hemoglobin (Hb) concentration. Hb may not provide a reliable guide to the patient's red cell (RBC) volume (RCV) during cardiac surgery as a consequence of the high fluid loads infused. This study provides estimates of the perioperative changes in RCV, plasma volume (PV), and blood(More)
The Serious Hazards of Transfusion (SHOT) scheme is a UK-wide, independent, professionally led hemovigilance system focused on learning from adverse events. SHOT was established in 1996 as a confidential reporting system for significant transfusion-related events, building an evidence base to support blood safety policy decisions, clinical guidelines,(More)
BACKGROUND Restrictive transfusion triggers are safe for most critically ill patients, but doubts exist for patients with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). We investigated the prevalence of reported IHD at admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) and investigated how this influenced red cell transfusion triggers. We also compared observed practice with the(More)
During the last decade, episodes of sepsis have increased and Escherichia coli has remained the most frequent clinical isolate. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS; endotoxin) are the major toxic and antigenic components of gram-negative bacteria and qualify as targets for therapeutic interventions. Molecules that neutralize the toxic effects of LPS are actively(More)