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IkappaBalpha regulates the transcription factor NF-kappaB through the formation of stable IkappaBalpha/NF-kappaB complexes. Prior to induction, IkappaBalpha retains NF-kappaB in the cytoplasm until the NF-kappaB activation signal is received. After activation, NF-kappaB is removed from gene promoters through association with nuclear IkappaBalpha, restoring(More)
The NF-kappaB p50/p65 heterodimer is the classical member of the Rel family of transcription factors which regulate diverse cellular functions such as immune response, cell growth, and development. Other mammalian Rel family members, including the proteins p52, proto-oncoprotein c-Rel, and RelB, all have amino-terminal Rel-homology regions (RHRs). The RHR(More)
The cyclic AMP (cAMP)-inducible promoter from the rat lactate dehydrogenase A subunit gene (LDH A) is associated with a distal negative regulatory element (LDH-NRE) that represses inherent basal and cAMP-inducible promoter activity. The element is of dyad symmetry, consisting of a palindromic sequence with two half-sites, 5'-TCTTG-3'. It represses the(More)
BACKGROUND Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) represents an important pathogen in healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP). The concept of HCAP, though, may not perform well as a screening test for MRSA and can lead to overuse of antibiotics. We developed a risk score to identify patients presenting to the hospital with pneumonia unlikely to(More)
The effect of diazepam on methadone self-administration was examined. Five methadone-maintained patients with a history of benzodiazepine abuse were recruited. Patients were stabilized on 80 mg of methadone per day. After stabilization patients participated in methadone self-administration sessions. During each session, 128 presses (fixed ratio 128) of 1(More)
Lysins are bacteriophage-derived enzymes that degrade bacterial peptidoglycans. Lysin CF-301 is being developed to treat Staphylococcus aureus because of its potent, specific, and rapid bacteriolytic effects. It also demonstrates activity on drug-resistant strains, has a low resistance profile, eradicates biofilms, and acts synergistically with antibiotics.(More)
Regulation of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (EC isozymes occurs through a multitude of physiological signals. Here, we show that modulation of LDH A subunit occurs via the protein kinase C pathway. Activators of protein kinase C, such as tetradecanoylphorbol acetate (TPA) and dioctanoylglycerol (DG), caused a 3-4-fold accumulation of LDH A subunit(More)
A pilot study was performed to compare the effects of a restricted physiologic diet in 48 subjects with those of an unrestricted diet in 57 subjects on the duration and symptoms of acute travelers' diarrhea among US adults being treated with an antimicrobial agent in Mexico. Restricted physiologic diet was defined as the avoidance of certain foods during(More)
Copyright and reuse: The Warwick Research Archive Portal (WRAP) makes the work of researchers of the University of Warwick available open access under the following conditions. Copyright © and all moral rights to the version of the paper presented here belong to the individual author(s) and/or other copyright owners. To the extent reasonable and practicable(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine if the physical disabilities of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) would influence the assessment of depression when using the Zung depression scale. METHOD Patients with TBI (n=59) were assessed 1 year after injury for depression by both a psychiatrist and the use of the Zung depression scale. (More)