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The bacterial colonization of a wound is a recognized detrimental factor in the multifactorial process of wound healing. The harmful effects on wound healing are recognized to correspond to a level of > 10(5) colonies of bacteria per gram of tissue. Negative pressure wound therapy has become an accepted treatment modality for acute and chronic wounds with(More)
Latex allergy has reached epidemic proportions in the United States and is increasingly recognized as a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality during medical and surgical procedures. Ultimately, many of the affected patients with recognized latex sensitivity and those who are not yet diagnosed will receive treatment for their allergic reactions(More)
Botulinum toxin-A (BTX) has become a widely used pharmacologic agent for esthetic surgeons and those who treat neuromuscular and gastrointestinal conditions. Until recently, there has been very little basic science research related to how this powerful agent may be useful when applied to vessels. The mechanism of action of this agent suggests that it may be(More)
BACKGROUND Breast reconstruction following mastectomy has been shown to have a salutary effect on the overall psychological well-being of women being treated for breast cancer. Unfortunately, however, not every patient is an ideal candidate for reconstruction. Complications stemming from reconstructive surgery can cause significant morbidity, the most(More)
The reconstruction of massive midline abdominal wall defects as a result of intra-abdominal catastrophes has long challenged the reconstructive surgeon. Previously, the lack of autogenous tissue often forced the surgeon to resort to synthetic materials, which may be complicated by adhesions, enterocutaneous fistulas, and infection. The introduction of the(More)
CAPROSYN* suture is the latest innovation in monofilament synthetic suture. This suture is prepared from POLYGLYTONE*6211, a synthetic polyester composed of glycolide, caprolactone, trimethylene carbonate, and lactide. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical performance of CAPROSYN* suture to that of CHROMIC GUT suture. The biomechanical(More)
Adjunctive radiation and chemotherapy have evolved to increase the survival rates and disease-free intervals that can be accomplished with surgical resection. We have reviewed the salient effects these agents have on wound healing. Further investigations into the specific wound-healing deficits caused by these agents and the development of interventional(More)
While free tissue transfer affords the reconstructive microvascular surgeon the ability to provide coverage for complex wounds, the postoperative monitoring of these flaps continues to evolve. The most recent advance has been the development of an implantable microDoppler probe to provide an early warning signal for vascular obstruction. The current system(More)
Topically applied bioadhesives and hemostatic agents have gained wide acceptance in various surgical endeavors. However, the effect of thrombin-based fibrin sealant (fibrin glue) when applied to microvascular anastomoses has not been evaluated thoroughly. Although fibrin sealant has been used directly on vascular anastomoses in macrovascular surgery, there(More)
Sixteen patients were treated for sternal wound infections after undergoing cardiac procedures. Their management involved prompt surgical debridement and quantitative wound biopsies. At the time of the initial debridement, the Vacuum-Assisted Closure Device (V.A.C.) was placed in the open sternal wound. A subatmospheric environment was maintained by the(More)