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Partial amino acid sequences of two proteins, purified from barley leaves reacting hypersensitively to the powdery mildew fungus, showed a high degree of amino acid identity to the PR-1 proteins originally described in tobacco. The proteins, subsequently designated HvPR-1a and HvPR-1b, show apparent pI values of approximately 10.5 and 11, respectively and(More)
The full-length nucleotide sequence of a barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) leaf mRNA, found to increase rapidly in amount during infection attempts by the powdery mildew fungus (Erysiphe graminis DC. ex Mérat), is reported. The mRNA encodes a polypeptide of 809 amino acid residues which, by sequence comparison, was identified as a member of the 90 kDa heat shock(More)
A family of proteins known as 14-3-3 is currently receiving increased attention by investigators studying a broad range of biological systems, including plants and invertebrates. The outstanding feature of this family is the extraordinarily high sequence conservation observed. Current thinking indicates that these proteins may function as regulators in(More)
A full length cDNA of a barley leaf messenger, found to increase in amount during infection attempts by the powdery mildew fungus (Erysiphe graminis), is characterized. The messenger encodes a polypeptide of 261 amino acid residues with a calculated mass of 29.2 kDa and a pI of 4.6. Sequence comparisons as well as serological studies demonstrate that the(More)
The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by the consumption of molecular oxygen during host–pathogen interactions is termed the oxidative burst. The most important ROS are singlet oxygen (1O2), the hydroxyperoxyl radical (HO2·), the superoxide anion $$\left( {{\text{O}}_{\text{2}} ^ - } \right)$$ , hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the hydroxyl radical (OH-)(More)
A cDNA clone of a defence response transcript was isolated from a library prepared from barley leaves expressing papilla resistance towards the powdery mildew fungus, Blumeria (syn. Erysiphe) graminis f.sp. hordei (Bgh). The 904 bp sequence encodes a 229 amino acid polypeptide with a putative signal peptide of 23 amino acids. After cleavage, the protein has(More)
Oxalate oxidase, and H2O2-generating enzyme, has been characterized from several plants, and is widely used for clinical detection of oxalate. Using a germin-like oxalate oxidase from barley leaves, we have developed and optimized novel methods for measuring oxalate oxidase activity. As oxalate oxidase is SDS-tolerant, its activity can be detected directly(More)
Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is reported to inhibit biotrophic but benefit necrotrophic pathogens. Infection by necrotrophs can result in a massive accumulation of H(2)O(2) in hosts. Little is known of how pathogens with both growth types are affected (hemibiotrophs). The hemibiotroph, Septoria tritici, infecting wheat (Triticum aestivum) is inhibited by(More)
Pathogens induce the expression of many genes encoding plant transcription factors, though specific knowledge of the biological function of individual transcription factors remains scarce. NAC transcription factors are encoded in plants by a gene family with proposed functions in both abiotic and biotic stress adaptation, as well as in developmental(More)