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Hemispheric asymmetry implies the existence of developmental influences that affect one hemisphere more than the other. However, those influences are poorly understood. One simple view is that asymmetry may exist because of a relationship between a mental process' degree of lateralization and how well it functions. Data scaling issues have largely prevented(More)
Two manual reaction-time experiments examined visual field differences for the judgment of number. All told, three tasks (recognition/enumeration, magnitude judgment and oddity judgment) were performed on three nonverbal indicators of number (dot clusters, bargraphs and dials) and two verbal indicators (word names of numbers and digits). The results(More)
Bilateral presentations of stimuli produce asymmetries larger than those of unilateral presentations, an effect that exists across modalities. In the case of visual field differences at least 13 hypotheses of the effect have been proposed, 6 of which suggest that some form of hemispheric interaction is responsible for the bilateral advantage. Previous(More)
Laterality studies examining the recognition of hierarchical letter forms in normal subjects have had a checkered history. Early ones reported evidence of right hemisphere global and left hemisphere local processing, but later ones found little evidence of lateralized effects. Here three reaction time experiments examine suggestions made in the literature(More)
Three experiments compare the effects of stimulus type, display type, and input variable contributions to visual field (VF) asymmetry. Stimulus types were words and bar graphs; displays were unilateral and bilateral; and input variables were stimulus eccentricity, duration, luminance, and size. The only influences consistent across studies and with claims(More)
  • D B Boles
  • 1983
A survey of previous literature suggests that asymmetries obtained in visual field recognition are larger when stimuli are presented bilaterally than when presented unilaterally. Three experiments confirm the existence of the effect, eliminate a number of published hypotheses used to explain it, and support a mechanism of hemispheric interaction in(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective was to assess the validity of the Multiple Resources Questionnaire (MRQ) in predicting dual-task interference. BACKGROUND Subjective workload measures such as the Subjective Workload Assessment Technique (SWAT) and NASA Task Load Index are sensitive to single-task parameters and dual-task loads but have not attempted to measure(More)
For practitioners, the importance of sex differences in lateralization lies in their potential prediction of susceptibility to and recovery from hemispheric damage. However, previous literature reviews suggest that sex accounts for only 0.1-1% of the variance in asymmetry scores. Here a large-sample, single-laboratory approach uses tasks requiring the(More)
Three experiments are reported that use a number of lateralized tasks believed to draw on processes localized to the temporal, occipital or frontal lobes. Oblique factor analyses of the resultant asymmetries indicate the existence of nine lateralized functions, characterized as auditory lexical, facial figural, facial motive, spatial attentive, spatial(More)
In a recent paper, Chiarello, Welcome, Halderman, and Leonard (2009) reported positive correlations between word-related visual field asymmetries and reading performance. They argued that strong word processing lateralization represents a more optimal brain organization for reading acquisition. Their empirical results contrasted sharply with those of(More)