David B. Boles

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OBJECTIVE The objective was to assess the validity of the Multiple Resources Questionnaire (MRQ) in predicting dual-task interference. BACKGROUND Subjective workload measures such as the Subjective Workload Assessment Technique (SWAT) and NASA Task Load Index are sensitive to single-task parameters and dual-task loads but have not attempted to measure(More)
Hemispheric asymmetry implies the existence of developmental influences that affect one hemisphere more than the other. However, those influences are poorly understood. One simple view is that asymmetry may exist because of a relationship between a mental process' degree of lateralization and how well it functions. Data scaling issues have largely prevented(More)
For practitioners, the importance of sex differences in lateralization lies in their potential prediction of susceptibility to and recovery from hemispheric damage. However, previous literature reviews suggest that sex accounts for only 0.1-1% of the variance in asymmetry scores. Here a large-sample, single-laboratory approach uses tasks requiring the(More)
Previous research indicates that bilateral stimulation of the visual fields results in larger asymmetry than unilateral stimulation. However, the research has largely been limited to percentage correct studies. Here, three experiments employ reaction time (RT) measures, and show that the bilateral advantage generalizes to RT, and across spatial and verbal(More)
Two manual reaction-time experiments examined visual field differences for the judgment of number. All told, three tasks (recognition/enumeration, magnitude judgment and oddity judgment) were performed on three nonverbal indicators of number (dot clusters, bargraphs and dials) and two verbal indicators (word names of numbers and digits). The results(More)
Laterality studies examining the recognition of hierarchical letter forms in normal subjects have had a checkered history. Early ones reported evidence of right hemisphere global and left hemisphere local processing, but later ones found little evidence of lateralized effects. Here three reaction time experiments examine suggestions made in the literature(More)
Bilateral presentations of stimuli produce asymmetries larger than those of unilateral presentations, an effect that exists across modalities. In the case of visual field differences at least 13 hypotheses of the effect have been proposed, 6 of which suggest that some form of hemispheric interaction is responsible for the bilateral advantage. Previous(More)
Multiple resource theory and related principles hold that resources are differentiated both within and between cerebral hemispheres (C. D. Wickens, 1984, 1991, 1992). An opposing view is that each hemisphere constitutes a pool of undifferentiated resources (A. Friedman, M. C. Polson, C. G. Dafoe, & S. J. Gaskill, 1982; M. C. Polson & A. Friedman, 1988).(More)
Three experiments are reported that use a number of lateralized tasks believed to draw on processes localized to the temporal, occipital or frontal lobes. Oblique factor analyses of the resultant asymmetries indicate the existence of nine lateralized functions, characterized as auditory lexical, facial figural, facial motive, spatial attentive, spatial(More)