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The origin of the large relative-humidity (RH) dependence of the adhesion force in the single-asperity contact between silicon oxide surfaces is elucidated. As RH increases, the adhesion force measured with an atomic force microscopy (AFM) initially increases, reaches a maximum, and then decreases at high RH. The capillary force alone cannot explain the(More)
The molecular configuration of water adsorbed on a hydrophilic silicon oxide surface at room temperature has been determined as a function of relative humidity using attenuated total reflection (ATR)-infrared spectroscopy. A completely hydrogen-bonded icelike network of water grows up to three layers as the relative humidity increases from 0 to 30%. In the(More)
As the size of mechanical systems shrinks from macro- to nanoscales, surface phenomena such as adhesion, friction, and wear become increasingly significant. This paper demonstrates the use of alcohol adsorption as a means of continuously replenishing the lubricating layer on the working device surfaces and elucidates the tribochemical reaction products(More)
Deuterium NMR relaxation experiments, low temperature deuterium NMR lineshape analysis, and FTIR spectra are consistent with a new model for solid state jump dynamics of water in (2)H(2)O-synthesized kanemite and (2)H(2)O-hydrated Na(+)-Zeolite A. Exchange occurs between two populations of water: one in which water molecules are directly coordinated to(More)
The origin and role of tribochemical reaction products formed while sliding silicon oxide surfaces in the presence of adsorbed alcohol molecules in equilibrium with the vapor phase were studied. Wear and friction coefficient studies with varying contact loads and n-pentanol vapor environments were used to determine under what operating conditions the(More)
The magnitude of the capillary force at any given temperature and adsorbate partial pressure depends primarily on four factors: the surface tension of the adsorbate, its liquid molar volume, its isothermal behavior, and the contact geometry. At large contacting radii, the adsorbate surface tension and the contact geometry are dominating. This is the case of(More)
The average molecular orientation in the adsorbed water layers formed on amorphous SiO(2) in ambient conditions was determined as a function of relative humidity using polarization attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy (ATR-IR). The silicon oxide surface was prepared by chemically cleaning in aqueous solution, washing with water, and drying(More)
This paper investigates the reaction steps involved in tribochemical wear of SiO(2) surfaces in humid ambient conditions and the mechanism of wear prevention due to alcohol adsorption. The friction and wear behaviors of SiO(2) were tested in three distinct gaseous environments at room temperature: dry argon, argon with 50% relative humidity (RH), and argon(More)
This paper reports corrections and improvements of the previously reported direct force balance method (DFBM) developed for lateral calibration of atomic force microscopy. The DFBM method employs the lateral force signal obtained during a force-distance measurement on a sloped surface and relates this signal to the applied load and the slope of the surface(More)
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