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Several models have been proposed for how the brain measures velocity from the output of motion-energy units. These models make some unrealistic assumptions such as the use of Gabor-shaped temporal filters, which are non causal, or flat spatial spectra, which are invalidated by existing data. We present a Bayesian model of velocity perception, which makes(More)
Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are drugs of choice for persistent asthma. Less than 500 µg/d of fluticasone are believed to be safe. We found 92 cases of adrenal suppression in PubMed; among these cases there were 13 children who took 500 µg/d or less of fluticasone. Adrenal insufficiency was diagnosed in a 7-year-old boy on 460 µg ICS for 16 months, with a(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the minimum volume of blood and the absolute number of organisms required for detection of bacteremia and fungemia by an automated colorimetric blood culture system (BacT/Alert, Organon Teknika). DESIGN Common neonatal pathogens, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus (GBS): one American Type Culture(More)
The paranasal sinuses were prospectively evaluated by CT, clinical history, and physical examination in infants and children having cranial CT for indications unrelated to upper respiratory inflammation (URI). One hundred and one CT scans were studied, and sinus abnormalities were detected in 18% of patients older than 1 year and without signs or symptoms(More)
Bartonella (Rochalimaea) henselae causes a variety of diseases, including bacillary angiomatosis, peliosis hepatis, lymphadenitis, aseptic meningitis with bacteremia, and cat-scratch disease (CSD). Cases of B. henselae-related disease were collected from September 1991 through November 1993. Patients with suspected CSD, unexplained fever and lymphadenitis,(More)
Ours is apparently the first reported pediatric case of Stomatococcus mucilaginosus bacteremia. It is the second reported case of S mucilaginosus catheter-associated infection, but the first case successfully treated without removing the central venous catheter. This unusual organism should be added to the list of opportunistic pathogens that can be(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether pediatric patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can mount appropriate delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) skin responses to recall antigens and whether these responses can be correlated with clinical or immunologic parameters. DESIGN Prospective evaluation of DTH responses in HIV-infected children.(More)