David Araújo-Vilar

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CONTEXT Steroid 11beta-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) deficiency (11OHD) is the second most common form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). Cases of nonclassic 11OHD are rare compared with the incidence of nonclassic 21-hydroxylase deficiency. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to analyze the functional consequences of seven novel CYP11B1 mutations (p.M88I,(More)
BACKGROUND Seipin/BSCL2 mutations can cause type 2 congenital generalised lipodystrophy (BSCL) or dominant motor neurone diseases. Type 2 BSCL is frequently associated with some degree of intellectual impairment, but not to fatal neurodegeneration. In order to unveil the aetiology and pathogenetic mechanisms of a new neurodegenerative syndrome associated(More)
Some techniques for the evaluation of insulin resistance (IR), such as the clamp technique, are not viable for the study of large populations; and for this reason, alternative approaches based on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and plasma insulin (FPI) have been proposed. The aim of this study was to compare the IR calculations obtained from FPI and FPG values(More)
The objective of our research was to identify the mathematical model that would best define the relationship between obesity, insulin resistance (IR), and beta-cell function. Eighty-seven healthy subjects with a wide range of body mass index (BMI) were studied. Insulin sensitivity (IS) was calculated using Bergman's minimal model. Acute insulin response(More)
AIMS Beradinelli-Seip congenital generalized lipodystrophy is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by near-complete absence of adipose tissue, Herculean appearance, insulin resistance, hypoleptinaemia and diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects of pioglitazone on the expression of genes involved in(More)
Insulin analog-related lipoatrophy is a rare complication of this type of treatment. We report a case of severe localized lipoatrophy in different locations in a patient with type 1a diabetes mellitus associated with other autoimmune disease.
OBJECTIVE Lipodystrophy syndromes are extremely rare disorders of deficient body fat associated with potentially serious metabolic complications, including diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia, and steatohepatitis. Due to their rarity, most clinicians are not familiar with their diagnosis and management. This practice guideline summarizes the diagnosis and(More)
Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) are 2 closely related syndromes, with obesity occurring in 70% to 80% of DM2 patients. Both syndromes are characterized by insulin resistance (IR). However, the metabolic characteristics of lean DM2 patients are not clearly defined, a fact attributed to the heterogeneity of the diabetes syndrome. Our objective was(More)
Ageing is thought to be a polygenic and stochastic process in which multiple mechanisms operate at the same time. At the level of the individual organism ageing is associated with a progressive deterioration of health and quality of life, sharing common features such as: alopecia and grey hair, loss of audition, macular degeneration, neurodegeneration,(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD2) is characterised by loss of fat in the limbs and buttocks and results from mutations in the LMNA gene. AIM To evaluate the role of several genes involved in adipogenesis in order to better understand the underlying mechanisms of regional loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue (scAT) in patients with(More)