David Andrés

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The in vitro effect of cyclosporine A (CsA) was studied in reference to the production of reactive oxygen species (peroxides and superoxide anion) and to cell enzyme-mediated antioxidant defence in hepatocytes isolated from rats aged 2 and 12 months. Primary cultures of hepatocytes were incubated in the presence of concentrations of cyclosporine in the(More)
The cytotoxicity of cocaine (0 - 1000 microM), was studied on parameters related to the mitochondrial role and the cascade of events that lead to apoptosis in hepatocyte cultures from phenobarbitone (PB) pretreated rats. Cytotoxicity was dose-dependent and LDH leakage was significantly enhanced above 100 microM cocaine. Apoptosis was visualized by DNA(More)
Mercury is a highly toxic metal which induces oxidative stress. Metallothionein and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) are stress proteins involved in response to different stimuli. In the present study rats were administered per oral application by gavage, a single daily dose (0.1 mg/kg) of HgCl(2) for 3 consecutive days. To find a relation between these two(More)
Mitochondrial complex I inhibitor rotenone induces apoptosis through enhancing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production. Recently, it has been shown that fraxetin (coumarin) and myricetin (flavonoid) have significant neuroprotective effects against apoptosis induced by rotenone, increase the total glutathione levels in vitro, and inhibit lipid(More)
Rotenone-induced apoptosis is considered to contribute to the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). We try to prevent the apoptosis induced by rotenone toxicity with 50 microM myricetin, 100 microM fraxetin and 100 microM N-acetylcysteine (NAC) that protect against reactive oxygen species (ROS), on SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line. Morphological(More)
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is the immunosuppressor most frequently used in transplant surgery and in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. It has been shown that CsA is able to generate reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation which are directly involved in the CsA hepatotoxicity. As antioxidant, Vitamin E (VitE) has been used to diminish the toxicity of(More)
Mercury is a highly toxic metal which induces oxidative stress. Superoxide dismutases, catalase, and glutathion peroxidase are proteins involved in the endogenous antioxidant defence system. In the present study rats were administered orally, by gavage, a single daily dose of HgCl2 for three consecutive days. In order to find a relation between the proteins(More)
The ability of phenobarbital to induce the expression and activity of microsomal drug monooxygenases in the liver presents one of the most important issues in the field of chemical interactions and in the toxicity of xenobiotics. The model of rat liver injury induced by a single dose of thioacetamide (500 mg/kg intraperitoneally) was used to study the(More)
We investigated on primary cultures of rat hepatocytes the effect of cyclosporine A (CsA) on the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), activator protein 1 (AP-1), and heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), three transcription factors involved in cellular response pathways. Hepatocytes were subjected to a time-course (1, 3, 6, and 22 hr) incubation and CsA(More)
In an effort to test clinically the hypothesis that the duration of cellular exposure to etoposide (VP-16) and cisplatin (CDDP) is an important determinant of cytotoxicity, we performed a phase III randomized trial comparing an outpatient bolus regimen of combined VP-16 and CDDP with a sequential infusion over 72 hours of these same two drugs. All patients(More)