David Alexander Groneberg

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The nature of protein breakdown products and peptidomimetic drugs such as beta-lactams is crucial for their transmembrane transport across apical enterocyte membranes, which is accomplished by the pH-dependent high-capacity oligopeptide transporter PEPT1. To visualize oligopeptide transporter-mediated uptake of oligopeptides, an ex vivo assay using the(More)
OBJECTIVE In chronic pancreatitis (CP), alterations in several genes have so far been described, but only small cohorts have been extensively investigated for all predisposing genes. DESIGN 660 patients with idiopathic or hereditary CP and up to 1758 controls were enrolled. PRSS1, SPINK1 and CTRC were analysed by DNA sequencing, and cystic fibrosis(More)
Pulmonary delivery of peptidomimetic antibiotics is frequently used for local drug therapy in pulmonary infections. Identification of transport pathways into airway epithelia can lead to new strategies of therapy. Here we describe the distribution of the beta-lactam-transporting high-affinity proton-coupled peptide transporter PEPT2 in mammalian lungs.(More)
The peptide transporter PEPT2 mediates the cellular uptake of di- and tripeptides and selected drugs by proton-substrate cotransport across the plasma membrane. PEPT2 was functionally identified initially in the apical membrane of renal tubular cells but was later shown to be expressed in other tissues also. To investigate the physiological importance of(More)
Transient receptor potential vanniloid-1 (TRPV-1) mediates the cough response induced by the pepper extract capsaicin and is expressed in sensory nerves that innervate the airway wall. We determined the expression of TRPV-1 in the airways of patients with chronic persistent cough of diverse causes and with an enhanced capsaicin cough response. We obtained(More)
BACKGROUND Microbial intestinal colonization in early in life is regarded to play a major role for the maturation of the immune system. Application of non-pathogenic probiotic bacteria during early infancy might protect from allergic disorders but underlying mechanisms have not been analysed so far. OBJECTIVE The aim of the current study was to(More)
Neurogenic inflammation encompasses the release of neuropeptides from airway nerves leading to inflammatory effects. This neurogenic inflammatory response of the airways can be initiated by exogenous irritants such as cigarette smoke or gases and is characterized by a bi-directional linkage between airway nerves and airway inflammation. The event of(More)
AIMS The airways of patients with asthma are characterized by chronic inflammatory changes comprising mainly T-cells and eosinophils, and airway remodelling with goblet cell metaplasia and submucosal gland hyperplasia. Mucus hypersecretion is often a marked feature, particularly in status asthmaticus. The matrix of airway sputum consists of high molecular(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Duodenal bicarbonate secretion is in part mediated by an apical Cl-/HCO3- exchanger of unknown molecular nature. The recently discovered dra (down-regulated in adenoma) gene encodes a transport protein (DRA) for SO4(2-), Cl-, and HCO3-. The aim of this study was to investigate whether DRA may be the duodenal apical Cl-/HCO3- exchanger. (More)
Aerosol administration of peptide-based drugs plays an important role in the treatment of pulmonary and systemic diseases and the unique cellular properties of airway epithelium offers a great potential to deliver new compounds. As the relative contributions from the large airways to the alveolar space are important to the local and systemic availability,(More)