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In vitro experiments indicate that thromboxane A2 (TA2) is a potent platelet aggregator and vascular constrictor. However, it is unclear what roles these specific actions may contribute in the pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia. Carbocyclic thromboxane A2 (CTA2), a TA2 analog, constrict isolated perfused cat coronary arteries, but does not aggregate(More)
Leukotrienes are naturally-occurring metabolites of arachidonic acid that are formed via the 5-lipoxygenase pathway in several tissues. Rat peritoneal cells (RPC) can produce leukotrienes C4, D4 and E4 (LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4) in response to stimulation with the calcium ionophore A23187 (1,2). The mechanism of enzymatic conversion of LTC4 to LTD4 is presumed(More)
ICI 204,219 (4-(5-cyclopentyloxycarbonylamino-1-methylindol-3-ylmethy l)-3- methoxy-N-o-tolylsulfonylbenzamide) was designed as a peptide leukotriene (LT) antagonist. The compound is a competitive antagonist of LTD4- and LTE4-induced contraction of guinea pig lung tracheal and parenchymal strips with an apparent negative log molar dissociation constant (KB)(More)
It has been demonstrated that leukotriene (LT)C4 is metabolized to LTD4 via the action of the enzyme gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. LTD4 is, in turn, converted by the enzyme aminopeptidase to LTE4. In the present study, the pharmacological effects of the aminopeptidase inhibitor, L-cysteine and the gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase inhibitor, L-serine borate,(More)
The actions of the peptide leukotrienes (LT) LTC4, LTD4 and LTE4 and phenylephrine (PE) were studied in isolated left branches of the guinea-pig pulmonary artery (GPPA). Indomethacin 5 x 10(-6) M enhanced both the potency and maximal response of all agonists, but the effect on LTD4 and LTE4 was larger. The influence of indomethacin suggests the release of(More)
Functional cDNA clones for hamster neurokinin-2 receptor (NK-2R) were isolated from hamster urinary bladder using a polymerase chain reaction-based methodology. The hamster NK-2R consists of 384 amino acids with a relative molecular weight of 43,418. Hamster NK-2R shares significant amino acid sequence homology with other tachykinin receptors, particularly(More)
Fragment-based lead generation has led to the discovery of a novel series of cyclic amidine-based inhibitors of beta-secretase (BACE-1). Initial fragment hits with an isocytosine core having millimolar potency were identified via NMR affinity screening. Structure-guided evolution of these fragments using X-ray crystallography together with potency(More)
The role of arachidonic acid oxygenated products in human platelet aggregation induced by the ionophore A23187 was investigated. The ionophore produced an increased release of both saturated and unsaturated fatty acids and a concomitant increased formation of TxA2 and other arachidonate products. TxA2 (and possibly other cyclo oxygenase products) appears to(More)
Caspase-3 is an intracellular cysteine protease, activated as part of the apoptotic response to cell injury. Its interest as a therapeutic target has led many to pursue the development of inhibitors. To date, only one series of nonpeptidic inhibitors have been described, and these have limited selectivity within the caspase family. Here we report the(More)