David Achilleus

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OBJECTIVE ATP released from human erythrocytes in response to reduced oxygen tension (pO(2)) participates in the matching of oxygen (O(2)) supply with need in skeletal muscle by stimulating increases in blood flow to areas with increased O(2) demand. Here, we investigated the hypothesis that hyperinsulinemia inhibits ATP release from erythrocytes and(More)
In skeletal muscle, oxygen (O(2)) delivery to appropriately meet metabolic need requires mechanisms for detection of the magnitude of O(2) demand and the regulation of O(2) delivery. Erythrocytes, when exposed to a decrease in O(2) tension, release both O(2) and the vasodilator adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The aims of this study were to establish that(More)
In 1929, August Krogh identified the matching of oxygen (O(2)) supply with demand in skeletal muscle as a fundamental physiological process. In the intervening decades, much research has been focused on elucidating the mechanisms by which this important process occurs. For any control system to be effective, there must be a means by which the need is(More)
Erythrocytes, via release of ATP in areas of low oxygen (O(2)) tension, are components of a regulatory system for the distribution of perfusion in skeletal muscle ensuring optimal O(2) delivery to meet tissue needs. In type 2 diabetes (DM2), there are defects in O(2) supply to muscle as well as a failure of erythrocytes to release ATP. The goal of this(More)
Erythrocytes release both O(2) and a vasodilator, ATP, when exposed to reduced O(2) tension. We investigated the hypothesis that ATP release is impaired in erythrocytes of humans with type 2 diabetes (DM2) and that this defect compromises the ability of these cells to stimulate dilation of resistance vessels. We also determined whether a general(More)
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