David A. Williams

Learn More
Epilepsies affect at least 2% of the population at some time in life, and many forms have genetic determinants. We have found a mutation in a gene encoding a GABA(A) receptor subunit in a large family with epilepsy. The two main phenotypes were childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) and febrile seizures (FS). There is a recognized genetic relationship between FS(More)
Dianne L. Chambless, William C. Sanderson, Varda Shoham, Suzanne Bennett Johnson, Kenneth S. Pope, Paul Crits-Christoph, Mary Baker, Benjamin Johnson, Sheila R. Woody, Stanley Sue, Larry Beutler, David A. Williams, and Susan McCurry Corresponding author: Dianne L. Chambless, Dept. of Psychology, UNC-CH, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3270. Telephone: 919-962-3989,(More)
The mammalian heart has a very limited regenerative capacity and, hence, heals by scar formation. Recent reports suggest that haematopoietic stem cells can transdifferentiate into unexpected phenotypes such as skeletal muscle, hepatocytes, epithelial cells, neurons, endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes, in response to tissue injury or placement in a new(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a recessive disorder characterized by a defective phagocyte respiratory burst oxidase, life-threatening pyogenic infections and inflammatory granulomas. Gene targeting was used to generate mice with a null allele of the gene involved in X-linked CGD, which encodes the 91 kD subunit of the oxidase cytochrome b. Affected(More)
In mammals, the Rho family GTPase Rac2 is restricted in expression to hematopoietic cells, where it is coexpressed with Rac1. Rac2-deficient mice were created to define the physiological requirement for two near-identical Rac proteins in hematopoietic cells. rac2-/- neutrophils displayed significant defects in chemotaxis, in shear-dependent(More)
OBJECTIVE For many individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP), there is no identifiable cause. In other idiopathic chronic pain conditions, sensory testing and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have identified the occurrence of generalized increased pain sensitivity, hyperalgesia, and altered brain processing, suggesting central augmentation(More)
Canonical Wnt signaling critically regulates cell fate and proliferation in development and disease. Nuclear localization of beta-catenin is indispensable for canonical Wnt signaling; however, the mechanisms governing beta-catenin nuclear localization are not well understood. Here we demonstrate that nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin in response to Wnt(More)
We have cloned a partial cDNA encoding murine stem cell factor (SCF) and show that the gene is syntenic with the Sl locus on mouse chromosome 10. Using retroviral vectors to immortalize fetal liver stromal cell lines from mice harboring lethal mutations at the Sl locus (Sl/Sl), we have shown that SCF genomic sequences are deleted in these lines.(More)
The Rho guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) Rac1 and Rac2 are critical signaling regulators in mammalian cells. The deletion of both Rac1 and Rac2 murine alleles leads to a massive egress of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSC/Ps) into the blood from the marrow, whereas Rac1-/- but not Rac2-/- HSC/Ps fail to engraft in the bone marrow of irradiated(More)
1. Steady-state force-pCa relations were determined for mechanically skinned fibres of fast- and slow-twitch rat skeletal muscle, extensor digitorum longus (e.d.l.) and soleus respectively, at varied sarcomere lengths and temperatures (3-35 degrees C).2. This relation was different for the two fibre types at all sarcomere lengths, with soleus fibres having(More)