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Bronchogenic carcinomas arise from bronchial epithelial cells (BECs). Inhalation exposure of BECs to nitrosamines in cigarette smoke is an important exogenous risk factor for malignant transformation of BECs. Thus, an important endogenous risk factor is likely to be the capacity of BECs to metabolize nitrosamines. Among the cytochrome P450 enzymes capable(More)
Reproductive success and contaminant levels in 1986 and 1987 were compared between Barn Swallows nesting at selenium-contaminated Martin Lake, Texas, USA, and swallows nesting at a reference site. Nests were initiated about the same time or earlier at Martin Lake than at the reference site and clutch size was similar between the two locations. Nest success(More)
To establish a cell culture model for lung carcinogenesis, independent populations of the human papillomavirus 18-immortalized human bronchial epithelial cell line BEP2D were treated with high linear energy transfer radon-simulated alpha-particles, expanded and xenotransplanted into Nu/Nu mice. Six independent cell lines were established from tumors that(More)
The metabolic detoxification capacity may critically regulate the susceptibility of human tissues to cancer development. We used standardized and quantitative, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (StaRT-PCR) and microarray chip techniques to analyze transcript levels of multiple detoxification enzymes in cultured normal human oral keratinocytes(More)
Progress toward complete sequencing of all human genes through the Human Genome Project has already resulted in a need for methods that allow quantitative expression measurement of multiple genes simultaneously. It is increasingly recognized that relative measurement of multiple genes will provide more mechanistic information regarding cell pathophysiology(More)
BACKGROUND Although 40-50% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors respond to cisplatin chemotherapy, there currently is no way to prospectively identify potential responders. The purpose of this study was to determine whether transcript abundance (TA) levels of twelve selected DNA repair or multi-drug resistance genes (LIG1, ERCC2, ERCC3, DDIT3,(More)
Glucocorticoids bind with high affinity to intracellular receptors located in high density within discrete regions of the rodent and primate brain. The binding of [3H]corticosterone was compared in the brains of male vs female rats. The number and affinity of cytosol receptors in the hippocampus and hypothalamus were examined in vitro. The cytosolic binding(More)
Radon exposure is associated with increased risk for bronchogenic carcinoma. Mutagenesis analyses have revealed that radon induces mostly multi-locus chromosome deletions. Based on these findings, it was hypothesized that deletion analysis of multiple radon-induced malignant transformants would reveal common mutations in chromosomal regions containing tumor(More)
The relative mRNA levels of differentially expressed (DE) and housekeeping (HK) genes of six aneuploid cancer lines with large-scale genomic changes identified by SNP/SKY analysis were compared with similar genes in diploid cells. The aneuploid cancer lines had heterogeneous genomic landscapes with subdiploid, diploid, and supradiploid regions and higher(More)
BACKGROUND A method that provides standardized data and is relatively inexpensive and capable of high throughput is a prerequisite to the development of a meaningful gene expression database suitable for conducting multi-institutional clinical studies based on expression measurement. Standardized RT (StaRT)-PCR has all these characteristics. In addition,(More)