David A. Waller

Learn More
There is a marked survival advantage for patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) expressing high numbers of macrophages in their tumour islets. The primary aim of the present study was to determine the immunological phenotype of NSCLC-associated macrophages. CD68(+) macrophages expressing markers of a cytotoxic M1 phenotype or a noncytotoxic M2(More)
The European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) organized a workshop dealing with lymph node staging in non-small cell lung cancer. The objective of this workshop was to develop guidelines for definitions and the surgical procedures of intraoperative lymph node staging, and the pathologic evaluation of resected lymph nodes in patients with non-small cell(More)
Accurate preoperative staging and restaging of mediastinal lymph nodes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is of paramount importance. It will guide choices of treatment and determine prognosis and outcome. Over the last years, different techniques have become available. They vary in accuracy and procedure-related morbidity. The Council of(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of malignant mesothelioma is increasing. There is the perception that survival is worse in the UK than in other countries. However, it is important to compare survival in different series based on accurate prognostic data. The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) and the Cancer and Leukaemia Group B(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of extra-pleural pneumonectomy (EPP) on survival and quality of life in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma have, to our knowledge, not been assessed in a randomised trial. We aimed to assess the clinical outcomes of patients who were randomly assigned to EPP or no EPP in the context of trimodal therapy in the Mesothelioma(More)
OBJECTIVES The non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) meta-analysis suggested a survival benefit for cisplatin-based chemotherapy when given in addition to surgery, radical radiotherapy or 'best supportive care'. However, it included many small trials and trials with differing eligibility criteria and chemotherapy regimens. The aim of the Big Lung Trial was(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated a technique of video-assisted thoracoscopic (VAT) decortication of the visceral cortex to reexpand entrapped lung in cases of chronic postpneumonic pleural empyema. METHODS A prospective cohort study of 48 consecutive patients with multiloculated postpneumonic pleural empyema in whom visceral pleural decortication was required was(More)
BACKGROUND In 1995 a meta-analysis of randomised trials investigating the value of adding chemotherapy to primary treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) suggested a small survival benefit for cisplatin-based chemotherapy in each of the primary treatment settings. However, the meta-analysis included many small trials and trials with differing(More)
BACKGROUND Prader-Willi syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by infantile hypotonia, obesity, hypogonadism, and mental retardation, but it is difficult to diagnose clinically in infants and young children. In about two thirds of patients, a cytogenetically visible deletion can be detected in the paternally derived chromosome 15 (15q11q13). Recently,(More)
Accurate preoperative staging and restaging of mediastinal lymph nodes in patients with potentially resectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is of paramount importance. In 2007, the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) published an algorithm on preoperative mediastinal staging integrating imaging, endoscopic and surgical techniques. In 2009,(More)