David A Talmage

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Neuronal migration and axon guidance constitute fundamental processes in brain development that are generally studied independently. Although both share common mechanisms of cell biology and biochemistry, little is known about their coordinated integration in the formation of neural circuits. Here we show that the development of the thalamocortical(More)
In embryonic nuclei of Drosophila virilis, 45% of the DNA is satellite, and congruent to 50% of the H1 histone is phosphorylated. In polytene salivary gland nuclei, less than 1% of the DNA is satellite, and less than 10tion. The phosphorylated H1's migrate 4% slower than the unphosphorylated H1's on SDS-acrylamide gels. The mobility difference may arise(More)
It is well known, although not well understood, that smoking and eating just do not go together. Smoking is associated with decreased food intake and lower body weight. Nicotine, administered either by smoking or by smokeless routes, is considered the major appetite-suppressing component of tobacco. Perhaps the most renowned example of nicotine's influence(More)
Transmembrane isoforms of neuregulin-1 (Nrg-1), ligands for erbB receptors, include an extracellular domain with an EGF-like sequence and a highly conserved intracellular domain (ICD) of unknown function. In this paper, we demonstrate that transmembrane isoforms of Nrg-1 are bidirectional signaling molecules in neurons. The stimuli for Nrg-1 back signaling(More)
Phosphorylation of histone H1 is developmentally regulated in Drosophila spp. It cannot be detected in preblastoderm embryos or polytene salivary gland cells, but in cellular blastoderm, postblastoderm embryo, and amitotic adult head nuclei, it occurs with a frequency of roughly 4 x 10(5) molecules per nucleus. We used pulse-labeling to study the(More)
The authors have explored the effects of variations in mouse polyoma virus genotype on patterns of tumor formation in the mouse. Four "wild type" virus strains were surveyed. Two were highly oncogenic, inducing multiple tumors of epithelial and mesenchymal origin, at high frequency and with short latency. The other two strains were weakly oncogenic,(More)
Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1)/erbB signaling regulates neuronal development, migration, myelination, and synaptic maintenance. The Nrg1 gene is a schizophrenia susceptibility gene. To understand the contribution of Nrg1 signaling to adult brain structure and behaviors, we studied the regulation of type III Nrg1 expression and evaluated the effect of decreased(More)
Studies were conducted to explore the tissue- and cell-specific regulation of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein (CRABP) expression in the rat. Two studies were carried out. The first explored the regulation of CRABP mRNA levels in selected rat tissues by dietary retinoid status, and the relationship between CRABP mRNA and protein levels in different(More)
Neuregulin-1 (NRG-1) signaling has been implicated in inductive interactions between pre- and postsynaptic partners during synaptogenesis. We used gene targeting to selectively disrupt cysteine-rich domain-(CRD-) containing NRG-1 isoforms. In CRD-NRG-1-/-mice, peripheral projections defasciculated and displayed aberrant branching patterns within their(More)
Type III Neuregulin1 (Nrg1) isoforms are membrane-tethered proteins capable of participating in bidirectional juxtacrine signaling. Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), which can modulate the release of a rich array of neurotransmitters, are differentially targeted to presynaptic sites. We demonstrate that Type III Nrg1 back signaling(More)