David A. Stevenson

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Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is characterized by cafe-au-lait spots, skinfold freckling, and cutaneous neurofibromas. No obvious relationships between small mutations (<20 bp) of the NF1 gene and a specific phenotype have previously been demonstrated, which suggests that interaction with either unlinked modifying genes and/or the normal NF1 allele may be(More)
Five percent of individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) present with congenital long bone pseudarthrosis (PA). In large series, 50-80% of patients with congenital long bone PA also have NF1. Very little information exists on the natural history and pathogenesis of PA in NF1. This report is a descriptive analysis of a large series of patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE Freeman-Sheldon syndrome (FSS) is a rare, multiple congenital contracture syndrome that is nonetheless relatively well-known, because affected children have a striking appearance: it was historically called "whistling-face syndrome" because of involvement of the facial muscles. FSS is often confused with other congenital contracture syndromes and,(More)
Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) generally survive into adulthood. Common causes of death are obesity related cor pulmonale and respiratory failure. We report on a case series of eight children and two adults with unexpected death or critical illness. Our data show age-specific characteristics of PWS patients with fatal or life-threatening(More)
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a vascular dysplasia characterized by telangiectases and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) in particular locations described in consensus clinical diagnostic criteria published in 2000. Two genes in the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling pathway, ENG and ACVRL1, were discovered almost two(More)
Osseous abnormalities, including long-bone dysplasia with pseudarthrosis (PA), are associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Prospectively acquired tissue from the PA site of two individuals with NF1 was used for immunohistochemical characterization and genotype analysis of the NF1 locus. Typical immunohistochemical features of neurofibroma were not(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether children and adolescents with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) have decreased bone mineral density (BMD). STUDY DESIGN Bone densitometry of the whole body, hip, and lumbar spine was used in a case-to-control design (84 individuals with NF1: 293 healthy individuals without NF1). Subjects were 5 to 18 years old. Subjects with NF1(More)
Docetaxel is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of breast cancer. Breast cancers can have an inherent or acquired resistance to docetaxel but the causes of this resistance remain unclear. In this study high-level, docetaxel-resistant human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) were created, and comparative genomic(More)
The rational development of new diagnostic or prognostic tumour markers and the identification of novel cellular targets for anticancer chemotherapy relies on a more definitive understanding of tumour biology. Classical approaches using cellular pharmacology, and more recently molecular pharmacology, have led to the discovery of a number of growth factors(More)
A new 5-HT1A receptor antagonist ligand, [3H]p-MPPF, 4-(2'-methoxy-)-phenyl-1-[2'-(N-2"-pyridyl)-p-fluorobenzamido] ethyl-piperazine, was prepared and characterized. It demonstrated high affinity and selectivity toward 5-HT1A receptors (Kd = 0.34 +/- 0.12 nM and Bmax = 145 +/- 35 fmol/mg protein in rat hippocampal membrane homogenates). The binding is not(More)