David A. Scicchitano

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The ability of a DNA lesion to block transcription is a function of many variables: (1) the ability of the RNA polymerase active site to accommodate the damaged base; (2) the size and shape of the adduct, which includes the specific modified base; (3) the stereochemistry of the adduct; (4) the base incorporated into the growing transcript; (5) and the local(More)
Many different cellular pathways have evolved to protect the genome from the deleterious effects of DNA damage that result from exposure to chemical and physical agents. Among these is a process called transcription-coupled repair (TCR) that catalyzes the removal of DNA lesions from the transcribed strand of expressed genes, often resulting in a(More)
Cellular responses to carcinogens are typically studied in transformed cell lines, which do not reflect the physiological status of normal tissues. To address this question, we have characterized the transcriptional program and cellular responses of human lung WI-38 fibroblasts upon exposure to the ultimate carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE). In(More)
O(6)-Methylguanine (O(6)-meG), which is produced in DNA following exposure to methylating agents, instructs human RNA polymerase II to mis-insert bases opposite the lesion during transcription. In this study, we examined the effect of O(6)-meG on transcription in human cells and investigated the subsequent effects on protein function following translation(More)
DNA replication and transcription are affected adversely by the presence of bulky adducts that are generated by the covalent binding of a variety of metabolically activated environmental pollutants to cellular DNA. When these lesions are not cleared by cellular repair enzymes prior to replication, mutations and ultimately tumor initiation can occur.(More)
The Y-family DNA polymerase Dpo4, from the thermophilic crenarchaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus P2, offers a valuable opportunity to investigate the effect of conformational flexibility on the bypass of bulky lesions because of its ability to function efficiently at a wide range of temperatures. Combined molecular modeling and experimental kinetic studies have(More)
The removal of cylclobutane pyrimidine dimers from cellular DNA occurs preferentially in actively transcribed genes of cells subjected to ultraviolet radiation. In contrast, reports concerning the transcription-dependent repair of N-methylpurines formed in cellular DNA following exposure to methylating agents are quite conflicting, with some studies(More)
The mutagenic and carcinogenic consequences of unrepaired DNA damage depend upon its precise location with respect to the relevant genomic sites. Therefore, it is important to learn the fine structure of DNA damage, in particular, proto-oncogenes, tumor-suppressor genes, and other DNA sequences implicated in tumorigenesis. Both the introduction and the(More)
Alkylating agent damage was quantified in human T-lymphocytes by calculating gene-specific lesion frequencies and repair rates. At 3 time points after exposure to methyl methanesulfonate (0, 6, and 24 h), T-lymphocyte DNA was extracted, digested with HindIII, and divided into 2 aliquots. Apurinic sites were formed in the DNA fragments of both aliquots by(More)