David A. Rogers

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We resurveyed the under- and overstory species composition of 94 upland forest stands in southern Wisconsin in 2002-2004 to assess shifts in canopy and understory richness, composition, and heterogeneity relative to the original surveys in 1949-1950. The canopy has shifted from mostly oaks (Quercus spp.) toward more mesic and shade-tolerant trees (primarily(More)
The lack of long-term baseline data restricts the ability to measure changes in biological diversity directly and to determine its cause. This hampers conservation efforts and limits testing of basic tenets of ecology and conservation biology. We used a historical baseline survey to track shifts in the abundance and distribution of 296 native understory(More)
BACKGROUND Medical educators have indicated that feedback is one of the main catalysts required for performance improvement. However, medical students appear to be persistently dissatisfied with the feedback that they receive. The purpose of this study was to evaluate learning outcomes and perceptions in students who received feedback compared to those who(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the first decade of experience with minimal access surgery, with particular attention to issues of training surgeons already in practice, and to provide a set of recommendations to improve technical training for surgeons in practice. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Concerns about the adequacy of training in new techniques for practicing(More)
BACKGROUND Computer-assisted learning (CAL) offers a number of potential advantages for surgical technical skills teaching. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of individualized external feedback on surgical skill acquisition when a CAL package is used for instruction. METHODS Freshman and sophomore students participated in a 1-hour CAL(More)
Pseudodiverticulum of the hypopharynx is an infrequent but potentially serious complication of orogastric or nasogastric tube insertion and endotracheal intubation. We report two cases of injury to the hypopharynx resulting in a pseudodiverticulum of the hypopharynx that was initially diagnosed as esophageal atresia. Both cases were managed successfully by(More)
BACKGROUND The transition from medical student to surgery internship can be stressful. The goal of this project was to design, implement, and evaluate a 1-month long elective course that would meet the majority of the American College of Surgeons Graduate Medical Education Committee prerequisites for graduate surgical education METHODS The major elements(More)
BACKGROUND The surgical literature suggests that collaborative learning using peers may be a valid way to teach surgical skills and there is a growing interest in the use of computer-assisted learning for this purpose. Combining this evolving technology with this type of teaching would theoretically offer a number of advantages including a reduction in the(More)
BACKGROUND Virtual reality (VR) is a potential tool for technical skills training. We tested the validity and instructional effectiveness of a prototype VR module for learning intravenous (i.v.) catheter placement. METHODS First-year medical students (n = 37), third-year medical students (n = 14), and surgical residents (n = 9) attempted two pretest i.v.s(More)
A disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 (ADAM10) is a ubiquitously expressed transmembrane metalloprotease that cleaves the extracellular regions from its transmembrane substrates. ADAM10 is essential for embryonic development and is implicated in cancer, Alzheimer, and inflammatory diseases. The tetraspanins are a superfamily of 33 four-transmembrane proteins(More)