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I by alien plants are a growing challenge worldwide to the management of native biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Invasive alien plants can directly affect native plants by becoming either monopolizers or donors of limiting resources. They can also indirectly affect native plants and change ecosystems by altering soil stability; promoting erosion;(More)
Aims. To determine the risk, hazard rate and factors affecting progression to diabetes in monozygotic twins of patients with Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Methods. Prospective analysis was done of two cohorts of non-diabetic monozygotic twins of patients with Type I diabetes from Great Britain (n = 134) and the United States (n = 53).(More)
A simple test was devised to identify people susceptible to chlorpropamide-alcohol flushing (CPAF). Subjects were given a placebo tablet, followed by sherry 12 and 36 hours later. They then received a chlorpropamide tablet and sherry again after 12 and 36 hours. This single-dose challenge test was given to non-insulin-dependent diabetics, insulin-dependent(More)
For more than 30 years, the relationship between net primary productivity and species richness has generated intense debate in ecology about the processes regulating local diversity. The original view, which is still widely accepted, holds that the relationship is hump-shaped, with richness first rising and then declining with increasing productivity.(More)
Demographic characteristics associated with the maintenance and growth of populations, such as seed dynamics, seedling emergence, survival, and tiller dynamics were examined for two tussock grasses, the native Agropyron spicatum and the introduced Agropyron desertorum in a 30-month field study. The introduced grass was aerially sown onto a native grassland(More)
The moment skewness coefficient, coefficient of variation and Gini coefficient are contrasted as statistical measures of inequality among members of plant populations. Constructed examples, real data examples, and distributional considerations are used to illustrate pertinent properties of these statistics to assess inequality. All three statistics possess(More)
Many ecosystems worldwide are dominated by introduced plant species, leading to loss of biodiversity and ecosystem function. A common but rarely tested assumption is that these plants are more abundant in introduced vs. native communities, because ecological or evolutionary-based shifts in populations underlie invasion success. Here, data for 26 herbaceous(More)
The prevalence and features of diabetic retinopathy have been examined in 95 pairs of identical twins, 31 concordant for insulin-dependent diabetes (IDD), 27 discordant for IDD, and 37 concordant for non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDD). Optic fundi were examined after pupillary dilatation and retinopathy was classified as nil, background, or severe. In(More)
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes is associated with facial flushing after alcohol in patients on chlorpropamide (chlorpropamide alcohol flushing, C.P.A.F.) especially when there is a family history of diabetes. C.P.A.F. in three subjects (two diabetics, one non-diabetic) was blocked by the specific opiate antagonist naloxone. In nine subjects (six diabetics)(More)