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This report examines the effect of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on lipogenic gene expression in cultured 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Arachidonic acid (20:4, n-6) and eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5, n-3) suppressed mRNAs encoding fatty acid synthase (FAS) and S14, but had no effect on beta-actin. Using a clonal adipocyte cell line containing a stably integrated(More)
The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an alphabetagamma heterotrimer that is activated by low cellular energy status and affects a switch away from energy-requiring processes and toward catabolism. While it is primarily regulated by AMP and ATP, high muscle glycogen has also been shown to repress its activation. Mutations in the gamma2 and gamma3(More)
LKB1 was discovered as a tumour suppressor mutated in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, and is a gene involved in cell polarity as well as an upstream protein kinase for members of the AMP-activated protein kinase family. We report that mammals express two splice variants caused by alternate usage of 3'-exons. LKB1(L) is the previously described form, while LKB1(S)(More)
A polymorphism in FABP2 that results in an alanine-to-threonine substitution at amino acid 54 of the intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (IFABP) is associated with insulin resistance in Pima Indians. In vitro, the threonine form (Thr54) has a higher binding affinity for long-chain fatty acids than does the alanine form (Ala54). We tested whether this(More)
The glycolytic enzyme, L-pyruvate kinase (L-PK), plays an important role in hepatic glucose metabolism. Insulin and glucose induce L-PK gene expression, while glucagon and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) inhibit L-PK gene expression. We have been interested in defining the PUFA regulation of L-PK. The cis-regulatory target for PUFA action includes an(More)
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