David A. Morgott

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An updated PBPK model of methylene chloride (DCM, dichloromethane) carcinogenicity in mice was recently published using Bayesian statistical methods (Marino et al., 2006). In this work, this model was applied to humans, as recommended by Sweeney et al.(2004). Physiological parameters for input into the MCMC analysis were selected from multiple sources(More)
A modified version of the original physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model by Andersen et al. (1987) has been developed and used in conjunction with previously published human kinetic data for dichloromethane (DCM) metabolism and to assess interindividual variability in the rate of oxidative metabolism. Time-course data for 13 volunteers (10(More)
Hydroquinone (HQ) produces nephrotoxicity and renal tubular adenomas in male F344 rats following 2 years of oral dosing. Female F344 and SD rats are comparatively resistant to these effects. Nephrotoxicity and tumorigenicity have been associated with a minor glutathione conjugation pathway following the oxidation of HQ to benzoquinone (BQ). The majority of(More)
The current USEPA cancer risk assessment for dichloromethane (DCM) is based on deterministic physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling involving comparative metabolism of DCM by the GST pathway in the lung and liver of humans and mice. Recent advances in PBPK modeling include probabilistic methods and, in particular, Bayesian inference to(More)
The kinetics of propylene glycol monomethyl ether (PGME) and its demethylated metabolite, propylene glycol (PGLY), were investigated with the aim of describing concentration- and treatment-related changes in absorption and clearance. Groups of Fischer 344 rats received either 1 or 10 daily 6-hr inhalation exposures to PGME. Single exposures were performed(More)
Diethyl and diphenyl disulfides, naphtha sweetening (Chemical Abstracts Service [CAS] # 68955-96-4), are primarily composed of low-molecular-weight dialkyl disulfides extracted from C4 to C5 light hydrocarbon streams during the refining of crude oil. The substance, commonly known as disulfide oil (DSO), can be composed of up to 17 different disulfides and(More)
Acetylation, a major pathway for conjugation and excretion of foreign compounds, is a common route of arylamine biotransformation (Williams, 1959) and an important factor in the expression of mutagenic, carcinogenic and more acute effects of these substances (King & Weber, 1981). An hereditary polymorphism in acetylation, due to genetic variation in the(More)
We present in this paper a review of the toxicological and environmental hazards, exposures and risks of tetrahydrofuran (THF; CASRN 109-99-9). THF is a polar solvent and monomer that is easily absorbed by all routes of exposure. The acute toxicity of THF is low to moderate by all routes. Irreversible corrosive damage to the eye can result from direct(More)
The monitoring of human exposures to diesel exhaust continues to be a vexing problem for specialists seeking information on the potential health effects of this ubiquitous combustion product. Exposure biomarkers have yielded a potential solution to this problem by providing a direct measure of an individual's contact with key components in the exhaust(More)