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The aggregation of the 37-residue protein, islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), as either insoluble amyloid or as small oligomers, appears to play a direct role in the death of pancreatic beta-islet cells in type II diabetes. While IAPP has been known to be the primary component of type II diabetes amyloid, the molecular interactions responsible for this(More)
Binary patterning of polar and nonpolar amino acids has been used as the key design feature for constructing large combinatorial libraries of de novo proteins. Each position in a binary patterned sequence is designed explicitly to be either polar or nonpolar; however, the precise identities of these amino acids are varied extensively. The combinatorial(More)
We previously reported the design of a library of de novo proteins targeted to fold into 4-helix bundles. 1 The library was created using a " binary code " strategy in which the sequence locations of polar and nonpolar amino acids were specified explicitly, but the identities of these side chains were varied extensively. Combinatorial diversity was made(More)
Carbon monoxide binding was studied in a collection of de novo heme proteins derived from combinatorial libraries of sequences designed to fold into 4-helix bundles. The design of the de novo sequences was based on the previously reported "binary code" strategy, in which the patterning of polar and nonpolar amino acids is specified explicitly, but the exact(More)
We previously reported the de novo design of combinatorial libraries of proteins targeted to fold into four-helix bundles. The sequences of these proteins were designed using a binary code strategy in which each position in the linear sequence is designated as either polar or nonpolar, but the exact identity of the amino acid at each position is varied(More)
The aggregation of the amyloidogenic polypeptide IAPP (Islet Amyloid Polypeptide, amylin) is believed to play a direct role in the death of pancreatic β-islet cells in type II diabetes. Preventing the initial aggregation event of IAPP is one strategy for slowing, and possibly preventing, the progression of this disease. Here, we investigate myricetin's(More)
The misfolding and aggregation of proteins into amyloid has been linked to a variety of age-related diseases. Aggregation of proteins, such as Aβ in Alzheimer's disease and Islet Amyloid Polypeptide (IAPP, amylin) in type 2 diabetes, appears to lead to the formation of toxic assemblies. These assemblies range in size from small oligomers (2-8 proteins) to(More)
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