David A. McDevitt

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Four mutants of Staphylococcus aureus strain Newman that were defective in the fibrinogen receptor (clumping factor) were isolated by transposon Tn917 mutagenesis. Southern hybridization analysis of the mutants identified transposon-host DNA junction fragments, one of which was cloned and used to generate a probe to identify and clone the wild-type clumping(More)
Staphylococcus aureus 8325-4 has the potential to express two distinct cell wall-associated fibronectin-binding proteins called FnBPA and FnBPB. In order to test if both proteins are expressed in S. aureus and if both are required for promoting bacterial adhesion to fibronectin-coated surfaces, insertion mutations were isolated in each gene. A DNA fragment(More)
The ability of Staphylococcus aureus to adhere to adsorbed fibrinogen and fibrin is believed to be an important step in the initiation of biomaterial and wound-associated infections. In this study, we show that the binding site in fibrinogen for the recently identified S. aureus fibrinogen-binding protein clumping factor (ClfA) is within the C-terminus of(More)
The ability of Staphylococcus aureus to bind to fibrinogen and fibrin is believed to be an important factor in the initiation of foreign-body and wound infections. Recently, we reported the cloning and sequencing of the gene clfA encoding the fibrinogen receptor (clumping factor, ClfA) of S. aureus strain Newman and showed that the gene product was(More)
The pathogenic role of staphylococcal coagulase and clumping factor was investigated in the rat model of endocarditis. The coagulase-producing and clumping factor-producing parent strain Staphylococcus aureus Newman and a series of mutants defective in either coagulase, clumping factor, or both were tested for their ability (i) to attach in vitro to either(More)
A class of proteins that are associated with the cell surface of Gram-positive bacteria has been recognised. Common structural features which are implicated in the proper secretion and attachment of these proteins to the cell surface occur in the C-termini. N-terminal domains interact with the host by binding to soluble host proteins, to matrix proteins or(More)
Staphylococcus aureus expresses various surface proteins which specifically recognize and bind to different host molecules. We have previously identified a bacterial protein that exhibits a broad specificity and binds to several mammalian extracellular proteins. The gene encoding this bacterial component has now been cloned and sequenced. The deduced(More)
The clumping factor (ClfA) is a cell surface-associated protein of Staphylococcus aureus that promotes binding of fibrinogen or fibrin to the bacterial cell. Previous studies have shown that ClfA and the platelet integrin alphaIIbbeta3 recognize the same domain at the extreme C terminus of the fibrinogen gamma-chain. alphaIIbbeta3 interaction with this(More)
The ability of Staphylococcus aureus to bind fibrinogen is believed to be important in promoting bacterial adherence to both intravascular catheters and host tissues during infection. We investigated the influence of the global regulator agr on the fibrinogen binding capacity and its relationship to the expression of coagulase (encoded by coa) and clumping(More)
A sensitive rat endocarditis model which employed relatively small inocula (< or = 10(4) cfu) was used to examine the role of coagulase in the pathogenesis of infection. Rats with indwelling, intracardiac catheters were challenged intravenously with three strains of Staphylococcus aureus. The virulence of a coagulase-positive parental strain DU5808 was(More)