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An active site, cofactor-containing peptide has been obtained in high yield from bovine serum amine oxidase. Sequencing of this pentapeptide indicates: Leu-Asn-X-Asp-Tyr. Analysis of the peptide by mass spectrometry, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, and proton nuclear magnetic resonance leads to the identification of X as 6-hydroxydopa. This result(More)
The nuclear proteomes of maize (Zea mays) lines that differ in UV-B tolerance were compared by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis after UV light treatment. Differential accumulation of chromatin proteins, particularly histones, constituted the largest class identified by mass spectrometry. UV-B-tolerant landraces and the B73 inbred line show twice as many(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has a small genome and therefore relies heavily on the host cellular machinery to replicate. Identifying which host proteins and complexes come into physical contact with the viral proteins is crucial for a comprehensive understanding of how HIV rewires the host's cellular machinery during the course of infection. Here we(More)
High-throughput screening (HTS) is widely used in drug discovery. Especially for screens of unbiased libraries, false positives can dominate "hit lists"; their origins are much debated. Here we determine the mechanism of every active hit from a screen of 70,563 unbiased molecules against beta-lactamase using quantitative HTS (qHTS). Of the 1,274 initial(More)
Treatment with L-carnitine greatly enhanced the formation and excretion of short-chain acylcarnitines in three patients with propionic acidemia and in three normal controls. The use of fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry and linked scanning at constant magnetic (B) to electric (E) field ratio identified the acylcarnitine as propionylcarnitine in(More)
Deficiency of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (CoA) lyase affects the metabolism of leucine as well as ketogenesis. This disorder is one of an increasing list of inborn errors of metabolism that presents clinically like Reye's Syndrome or nonketotic hypoglycemia. Four patients with proven 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA lyase deficiency were shown to(More)
Evidence is presented for the existence of a noncellulosic beta-1,3-glucan in cotton fibers. The glucan can be isolated as distinct fractions of varying solubility. When fibers are homogenized rigorously in aqueous buffer, part of the total beta-1,3-glucan is found as a soluble polymer in homogenates freed of cell walls. The proportion of total(More)
O-GlcNAc is a widespread dynamic carbohydrate modification of cytosolic and nuclear proteins with features analogous to phosphorylation. O-GlcNAc acts critically in many cellular processes, including signal transduction, protein degradation, and regulation of gene expression. However, the study of its specific regulatory functions has been limited by(More)
The inflammatory caspases, human caspases-1, -4, and -5, proteolytically modulate diverse physiological outcomes in response to proinflammatory signals. Surprisingly, only a few substrates are known for these enzymes, including other caspases and the interleukin-1 family of cytokines. To more comprehensively characterize inflammatory caspase substrates, we(More)
A number of Candida species possess a tRNA(Ser)-like species that recognizes CTG codons that normally specify leucine (Leu) in the universal code of codon usage. Mass spectrometry and Edman sequencing of peptides from the secreted aspartyl proteinase isoenzyme (Sap1) demonstrate that positions specified by the CTG codon contain a nonmodified serine (Ser) in(More)