David A. Loeffler

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The brain requires a ready supply of iron for normal neurological function, but free iron is toxic. Consequently, iron bioavailability must be stringently regulated. Recent evidence has suggested that the brain iron regulatory system is dysfunctional in neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases (AD and PD, respectively). A key(More)
Although the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) is unknown, altered brain antioxidative mechanisms have been found in both disorders. Ceruloplasmin (CP) and transferrin (TF) interact to limit concentrations of free ferrous iron (Fe2+), and thus play an important role in antioxidant defense in serum; both proteins are(More)
Oxidant-mediated damage is suspected to be involved in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders. Iron promotes conversion of hydrogen peroxide to hydroxyl radical and, thus, may contribute to oxidant stress. We measured iron and its transport protein transferrin in caudate, putamen, globus pallidus, substantia nigra, and frontal cortex of(More)
Ceruloplasmin (CP), the major plasma anti-oxidant and copper transport protein, is synthesized in several tissues, including the brain. We compared regional brain concentrations of CP and copper between subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD, n = 12), Parkinson's disease (PD, n = 14), Huntington's disease (HD, n = 11), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP, n(More)
The literature contains conflicting results regarding the status of serum anti-Aβ antibody concentrations in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Reduced levels of these antibodies have been suggested to contribute to the development of this disorder. The conflicting results may be due to polyvalent antibodies, antibody "masking" due to Aβ binding, methodological(More)
The debate about the toxicity of L-DOPA to dopaminergic neurons has not been resolved. Even though enzymatic and nonenzymatic metabolism of L-DOPA can produce hydrogen peroxide and oxygen free radicals, there has been controversy as to whether L-DOPA generates an oxidant stress in vivo. This study determined whether acute or repeated administration of(More)
Cognitive improvement in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IvIg) has been attributed to its antibodies to amyloid beta (Abeta). We compared the concentrations of specific antibodies to soluble Abeta1-42 conformations, namely Abeta1-42 monomer and Abeta1-42 soluble oligomers, between three IvIg preparations, Gamunex,(More)
α-synuclein is thought to play a key role in Parkinson's disease (PD) because it is the major protein in Lewy bodies, and because its gene mutations, duplication, and triplication are associated with early-onset PD. There are conflicting reports as to whether serum and plasma concentrations of α-synuclein and anti-α-synuclein antibodies differ between PD(More)
Previous studies have suggested that Nocardia asteroides may play a role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), including the production of Lewy bodies, the inclusion bodies present in this disorder. This study explored the possible connection between Nocardia and two Lewy body-containing disorders, PD and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).(More)
Experimental infection of BALB/c mice with the Gram-positive bacterium Nocardia asteroides (strain GUH-2) results in life-long movement abnormalities including head shaking and spinning when held by the tail. The head shaking is temporarily inhibited by treatment with dopamine's precursor levodopa, suggesting that abnormalities in dopaminergic(More)