David A. Leiman

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Helicobacter pylori infects half the world's population, and carriage is lifelong without antibiotic therapy. Current regimens prescribed to prevent infection-associated diseases such as gastroduodenal ulcers and gastric cancer can be thwarted by antibiotic resistance. We reported that administration of 1% D,L-α-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) to mice(More)
In patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and erosive esophagitis, treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is highly effective. However, in some patients, especially those with non-erosive reflux disease or atypical GERD symptoms, acid suppressive therapy with PPIs is not as successful. Alginates are medications that work through an(More)
The authors used a fifteen item survey to canvass 200 health care professionals in the United States and Scotland about their attitudes toward the potential utility of a DNA biobank. Results indicate a broadly favorable opinion in both locations. This finding seems to support further development of such a tool.
OBJECTIVE There is increasing international interest in DNA biobanks but relatively little evidence concerning appropriate recruitment methods for these repositories of genetic information linked to patient-specific phenotypic data. To this end, our study aimed to investigate the attitudes of members of the public recruited through general practices to the(More)
BACKGROUND The American Gastroenterology Association (AGA) published guidelines to assist clinicians in the evaluation and management of osteoporosis in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. Two studies suggest that when clinicians utilized the guidelines, the majority of their IBD patients were appropriately screened and treated for metabolic bone(More)
We examine the requirements for a publicly accessible, online collection of three-dimensional biomedical image data, including those yielded by radiological processes such as MRI, ultrasound and others. Intended as a repository and distribution mechanism for such medical data, we created the National Online Volumetric Archive (NOVA) as a case study aimed at(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The increased understanding of the molecular mechanisms that are responsible for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has led to a wide range of potential therapeutic targets for this condition. Physicians treating individuals with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis have a growing armamentarium of options to choose from in managing these(More)
OBJECTIVES Biomarkers, endoscopy and imaging tests can identify patients at increased risk for early recurrence of symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, patients may be unwilling to accept additional medical therapy risks related to therapy escalation to avoid a future disease relapse. We sought to quantify IBD patients' willingness to(More)
OBJECTIVES Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES) is characterized by hypergastrinemia and gastric acid hypersecretion resulting in peptic ulcer disease, diarrhea, and weight loss. Acid secretion can be controlled with medication, and biochemical cure is possible with surgery. Data on how these interventions affect patients' weight are lacking. We aimed to(More)