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BACKGROUND Effective vaccination against HPV 16 and HPV 18 to prevent cervical cancer will require a high level of sustained protection against infection and precancerous lesions. Our aim was to assess the long-term efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety of a bivalent HPV-16/18 L1 virus-like particle AS04 vaccine against incident and persistent infection with(More)
BACKGROUND Vaccination against the most common oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) types, HPV-16 and HPV-18, could prevent development of up to 70% of cervical cancers worldwide. We did a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial to assess the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of a bivalent HPV-16/18 L1 virus-like particle vaccine for the prevention of(More)
The determine the effect of different foods on the blood glucose, 62 commonly eaten foods and sugars were fed individually to groups of 5 to 10 healthy fasting volunteers. Blood glucose levels were measured over 2 h, and expressed as a percentage of the area under the glucose response curve when the same amount of carbohydrate was taken as glucose. The(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this interim analysis of a large, international phase III study was to assess the efficacy of an AS04 adjuvanted L1 virus-like-particle prophylactic candidate vaccine against infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 in young women. METHODS 18,644 women aged 15-25 years were randomly assigned to receive either(More)
BACKGROUND Although recent studies have indicated that nut consumption may improve levels of blood lipids, nuts are not generally recommended as snacks for hyperlipidemic subjects because of their high fat content. Furthermore, the effective dose is still unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS The dose-response effects of whole almonds, taken as snacks, were(More)
OBJECTIVE Irritable bowel syndrome after gastroenteritis is well recognized. Our aim was to determine whether postinfective IBS (PI-IBS) has histological or clinical features that are distinct from those of IBS patients with no history of preceding infection. METHODS A total of 75 consecutive IBS outpatients and 36 healthy control subjects completed a(More)
AIM The intent of this review is to critically analyze the scientific evidence on the role of the glycemic index in chronic Western disease and to discuss the utility of the glycemic index in the prevention and management of these disease states. BACKGROUND The glycemic index ranks foods based on their postprandial blood glucose response. Hyperinsulinemia(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Both psychological and mucosal changes (increased enterochromaffin [EC] cells and T lymphocytes) have been associated with postinfectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS). However, previous studies have been underpowered to determine the relative importance of these changes in predicting the development of PI-IBS. Our aim was to(More)
To define the type of dietary fibre of fibre analogue with the greatest potential use in diabetic treatment, groups of four to six volunteers underwent 50-g glucose tolerance tests (GTT) with and without the addition of either guar, pectin, gum tragacanth, methylcellulose, wheat bran, or cholestyramine equivalent to 12 g fibre. The addition of each(More)
The glycemic index concept is an extension of the fiber hypothesis, suggesting that fiber consumption reduces the rate of nutrient influx from the gut. The glycemic index has particular relevance to those chronic Western diseases associated with central obesity and insulin resistance. Early studies showed that starchy carbohydrate foods have very different(More)