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Despite advances in the molecular pathogenesis of glioblastoma multiforme, no reliable prognostic markers have been identified. We analysed telomerase activity and telomere lengths in glioblastoma multiformes from 77 patients. 19 patients (25%) had tumours with the alternative-lengthening-of-telomere (ALT) phenotype. Median survival for patients with this(More)
PURPOSE AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Telomeres of tumor cells may be maintained by telomerase or by alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT). The standard ALT assay requires Southern analysis of high molecular weight genomic DNA. We aimed to establish and validate an ALT assay suitable for archived paraffin-embedded tumors and to use it to examine the(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure the sensitivity and specificity of five MRI sequences to subarachnoid haemorrhage. METHODS Forty one patients presenting with histories suspicious of subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) were investigated with MRI using T1 weighted, T2 weighted, single shot fast spin echo (express), fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR), and(More)
Continuous electromyographic (EMG) activity and responses to electrical stimulation of the facial nerve were monitored intraoperatively in 35 patients undergoing primary removal of acoustic neuroma. The rate of anatomical and immediate functional preservation of the facial nerve of these patients was compared with a matched population where a facial nerve(More)
Stanniocalcin (STC) is a glycoprotein hormone that is secreted by the corpuscle of Stannius, an endocrine gland of bony fish, and is involved in calcium and phosphate homeostasis. The related mammalian proteins, STC1 and STC2, are expressed in a wide variety of tissues. The ovaries have the highest level of STC1, and this increases during pregnancy and(More)
We present the results of intraoperative monitoring of motor evoked potentials from 34 patients undergoing spinal surgery under total anesthesia with intravenously administered propofol. Intraoperative recording was performed with transcranial electrical stimulation. Two groups of patients were studied: 1) a control population of 26 patients undergoing(More)
The convergence point of growth-signalling pathways that control cell proliferation is the initiation of genome replication, the core of which is the assembly of pre-replicative complexes (pre-RCs), resulting in chromatin being 'licensed' for DNA replication in the subsequent S phase. The Mcm2-7 complex is a core constituent of the pre-RC, whose recruitment(More)
The role of motor evoked potentials in the management of a case of presumed hysterical paraplegia precipitated by spinal injury in a man with a previous history of surgery for scoliosis is presented. Motor evoked potentials were elicited with magnetic stimulation 12 days after injury and were within normal limits. The presence of normal motor(More)
The effect of nitrous oxide (N2O) on motor evoked potentials (MEPs) recorded from human subjects under total intravenous anesthesia with propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) was studied. MEPs were recorded from the 1st dorsal interosseous muscle of the foot in nine subjects; in two of these, simultaneous recordings were made from the 2nd dorsal interosseous(More)
The molecular basis for alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT), a prognostic marker for glioma patients, remains unknown. We examined TP53 status in relation to telomere maintenance mechanism (TMM) in 108 patients with glioblastoma multiforme and two patients with anaplastic astrocytoma from New Zealand and United Kingdom. Tumor samples were analyzed(More)