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Streptomyces coelicolor is a representative of the group of soil-dwelling, filamentous bacteria responsible for producing most natural antibiotics used in human and veterinary medicine. Here we report the 8,667,507 base pair linear chromosome of this organism, containing the largest number of genes so far discovered in a bacterium. The 7,825 predicted genes(More)
A Supercos-1 library carrying chromosomal DNA of a plasmid-free derivative of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) was organized into an ordered encyclopaedia of overlapping clones by hybridization. The minimum set of overlapping clones representing the entire chromosome (with three short gaps) consists of 319 cosmids. The average insert size is 37.5 kb and the(More)
Streptomyces lividans 66 was shown to harbour two self-transmissible plasmids: SLP2, which acts as a sex factor, and SLP3. Derivatives of this strain which had lost both plasmids were used as host strains to study a range of Streptomyces plasmids for their ability to promote their own transfer and to mobilize chromosomal markers. A linkage map of the S.(More)
In two separate studies a BclI-generated DNA fragment coding for the enzyme tyrosinase, responsible for melanin synthesis, was cloned from Streptomyces antibioticus DNA into two SLP1.2-based plasmid vectors (pIJ37 and pIJ41) to generate the hybrid plasmids, designated pIJ700 and pIJ701, using S. lividans 66 as the host. The fragment (1.55 kb) was subcloned(More)
Polyketide synthases (PKSs) are multifunctional enzymes that catalyze the biosynthesis of a huge variety of carbon chains differing in their length and patterns of functionality and cyclization. Many polyketides are valuable therapeutic agents. A Streptomyces host-vector system has been developed for efficient construction and expression of recombinant(More)
Streptomyces lividans ISP 5434 contains four small high copy number plasmids: pIJ101 (8.9 kb), pIJ102 (4.0 kb), pIJ103 (3.9 kb) and pIJ104 (4.9 kb). The three smaller species appear to be naturally occurring deletion variants of pIJ101. pIJ101 and its in vivo and in vitro derivatives were studied after transformation into S. lividans 66. pIJ101 was found to(More)
Two copies of a DNA sequence similar or identical to one end of the linear plasmid SLP2 were found on the Streptomyces lividans chromosome. Restriction mapping showed that these sequences represented free ends. Electrophoretic retardation and glass-binding studies indicated that the telomeres carry covalently bound proteins. Moreover, the chromosome(More)
Detailed restriction maps of the plasmid SCP2* and its deletion derivative pSCP103 were constructed. DNA fragments carrying hygromycin (Hyg), thiostrepton (Thio) or viomycin-resistance (VioR) determinants were inserted into pSCP103, and various segments were deleted from the resulting plasmids. Changes in plasmid phenotypes associated with these insertions(More)