David A. Holowka

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The membrane raft hypothesis postulates the existence of lipid bilayer membrane heterogeneities, or domains, supposed to be important for cellular function, including lateral sorting, signaling, and trafficking. Characterization of membrane lipid heterogeneities in live cells has been challenging in part because inhomogeneity has not usually been definable(More)
Tumor progression involves the ability of cancer cells to communicate with each other and with neighboring normal cells in their microenvironment. Microvesicles (MV) derived from human cancer cells have received a good deal of attention because of their ability to participate in the horizontal transfer of signaling proteins between cancer cells and to(More)
The earliest known step in the activation of the high affinity IgE receptor, FcepsilonRI, is the tyrosine phosphorylation of its beta and gamma subunits by the Src family tyrosine kinase, Lyn. We report here that aggregation-dependent association of FcepsilonRI with specialized regions of the plasma membrane precedes its tyrosine phosphorylation and appears(More)
We demonstrate critical behavior in giant plasma membrane vesicles (GPMVs) that are isolated directly from living cells. GPMVs contain two liquid phases at low temperatures and one liquid phase at high temperatures and exhibit transition temperatures in the range of 15 to 25 degrees C. In the two-phase region, line tensions linearly approach zero as(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation of the high affinity immunoglobulin (Ig)E receptor (FcepsilonRI) by the Src family kinase Lyn is the first known biochemical step that occurs during activation of mast cells and basophils after cross-linking of FcepsilonRI by antigen. The hypothesis that specialized regions in the plasma membrane, enriched in sphingolipids and(More)
Detergent-resistant plasma membrane structures, such as caveolae, have been implicated in signalling, transport, and vesicle trafficking functions. Using sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation, we have isolated low-density, Triton X-100-insoluble membrane domains from RBL-2H3 mucosal mast cells that contain several markers common to caveolae, including a(More)
We present an analytical method using correlation functions to quantify clustering in super-resolution fluorescence localization images and electron microscopy images of static surfaces in two dimensions. We use this method to quantify how over-counting of labeled molecules contributes to apparent self-clustering and to calculate the effective lateral(More)
Recent work to characterize the roles of lipid segregation in IgE receptor signaling has revealed a mechanism by which segregation of liquid ordered regions from disordered regions of the plasma membrane results in protection of the Src family kinase Lyn from inactivating dephosphorylation by a transmembrane tyrosine phosphatase. Antigen-mediated(More)
We recently showed that ligand-mediated cross-linking of FcepsilonRI, the high-affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E, on RBL-2H3 mast cells results in its co-isolation with detergent-resistant membranes (DRM) and its consequent tyrosine phosphorylation by the co-localized tyrosine kinase Lyn that is a critical early event in signaling by this receptor(More)
The plasma membrane contains ordered lipid domains, commonly called lipid rafts, enriched in cholesterol, sphingolipids, and certain signaling proteins. Lipid rafts play a structural role in signal initiation by the high affinity receptor for IgE. Cross-linking of IgE-receptor complexes by antigen causes their coalescence with lipid rafts, where they are(More)