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Tumor progression involves the ability of cancer cells to communicate with each other and with neighboring normal cells in their microenvironment. Microvesicles (MV) derived from human cancer cells have received a good deal of attention because of their ability to participate in the horizontal transfer of signaling proteins between cancer cells and to(More)
The earliest known step in the activation of the high affinity IgE receptor, FcepsilonRI, is the tyrosine phosphorylation of its beta and gamma subunits by the Src family tyrosine kinase, Lyn. We report here that aggregation-dependent association of FcepsilonRI with specialized regions of the plasma membrane precedes its tyrosine phosphorylation and appears(More)
The membrane raft hypothesis postulates the existence of lipid bilayer membrane heterogeneities, or domains, supposed to be important for cellular function, including lateral sorting, signaling, and trafficking. Characterization of membrane lipid heterogeneities in live cells has been challenging in part because inhomogeneity has not usually been definable(More)
The aggregation of IgE anchored to high-affinity Fc epsilon receptors on rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) cells by multivalent antigens initiates transmembrane signaling and ultimately cellular degranulation. Previous studies have shown that the rate of dissociation of bivalent and multivalent DNP ligands from RBL cells sensitized with anti-DNP IgE decreases(More)
Controlled cross-linking of IgE-receptor complexes on the surface of rat basophilic leukemia cells and mast cells has allowed a comparison of the lateral mobility and cell triggering activity of monomers, dimers, and higher oligomers of receptors. Addition of a monoclonal anti-IgE(Fc) antibody to IgE-sensitized cells in stoichiometric amounts relative to(More)
Detergent-resistant plasma membrane structures, such as caveolae, have been implicated in signalling, transport, and vesicle trafficking functions. Using sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation, we have isolated low-density, Triton X-100-insoluble membrane domains from RBL-2H3 mucosal mast cells that contain several markers common to caveolae, including a(More)
Upon cross-linking by antigen, the high affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E (IgE), FcepsilonRI, is phosphorylated by the Src family tyrosine kinase Lyn to initiate mast cell signaling, leading to degranulation. Using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS), we observe stimulation-dependent associations between fluorescently labeled IgE-FcepsilonRI(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation of the high affinity immunoglobulin (Ig)E receptor (FcepsilonRI) by the Src family kinase Lyn is the first known biochemical step that occurs during activation of mast cells and basophils after cross-linking of FcepsilonRI by antigen. The hypothesis that specialized regions in the plasma membrane, enriched in sphingolipids and(More)
The plasma membrane contains ordered lipid domains, commonly called lipid rafts, enriched in cholesterol, sphingolipids, and certain signaling proteins. Lipid rafts play a structural role in signal initiation by the high affinity receptor for IgE. Cross-linking of IgE-receptor complexes by antigen causes their coalescence with lipid rafts, where they are(More)
Recent work to characterize the roles of lipid segregation in IgE receptor signaling has revealed a mechanism by which segregation of liquid ordered regions from disordered regions of the plasma membrane results in protection of the Src family kinase Lyn from inactivating dephosphorylation by a transmembrane tyrosine phosphatase. Antigen-mediated(More)