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The histone-modifying complexes PRC2 and TrxG/MLL play pivotal roles in determining the activation state of genes controlling pluripotency, lineage commitment, and cell differentiation. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) can bind to either complex, and some have been shown to act as modulators of PRC2 or TrxG/MLL activity. Here we show that the lateral(More)
Let ∆F be the free energy difference between two equilibrium states of a system. An established method of numerically computing ∆F involves a single, long " switching simulation " , during which the system is driven reversibly from one state to the other (slow growth, or adiabatic switching). Here we study a method of obtaining the same result from numerous(More)
Noncoding RNAs have emerged as important key players in the cell. Understanding their surprisingly diverse range of functions is challenging for experimental and computational biology. Here, we review computational methods to analyze noncoding RNAs. The topics covered include basic and advanced techniques to predict RNA structures, annotation of noncoding(More)
Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) function and DNA methylation (DNAme) are typically correlated with gene repression. Here, we show that PRC2 is required to maintain expression of maternal microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) from the Gtl2-Rian-Mirg locus, which is essential for full pluripotency of iPSCs. In the absence of PRC2, the(More)
Disruption of the circadian clock, which directs rhythmic expression of numerous output genes, accelerates aging. To enquire how the circadian system protects aging organisms, here we compare circadian transcriptomes in heads of young and old Drosophila melanogaster. The core clock and most output genes remained robustly rhythmic in old flies, while others(More)
OBJECTIVE The molecular mechanisms behind cerebral aneurysm formation and rupture remain poorly understood. In the past decade, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to be key regulators in a host of biological processes. They are noncoding RNA molecules, approximately 21 nucleotides long, that posttranscriptionally inhibit mRNAs by attenuating protein(More)
[2] Sebastian Will 1 and Hosna Jabbari. Sparse RNA folding revisited: space-efficient minimum free energy structure prediction. quadratic time simultaneous alignment and folding of RNAs without sequence-based heuristics. Local exact pattern matching for non-fixed RNA structures. Structure-based whole genome realignment reveals many novel non-coding RNAs.(More)
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