David A. Graves

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Cotton fibers are single elongated cells that develop from epidermal cells of the ovule. The chronology of fiber differentiation was investigated using cultured ovules. Epidermal cells differentiate into fiber cells approx. 3 d before anthesis. When ovules were cultured on a defined medium, fiber growth could be initiated on ovules any time between 2 d(More)
The influence of diurnal variation and morbid obesity on the morphine requirements of patients using patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) was studied. Forty-six patients undergoing either elective (Group I) or gastric bypass (Group II) surgery composed the study group. Patients were allowed to use the PCA machine for 36 to 72 hours postoperatively to deliver(More)
Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is a relatively new therapeutic modality which has allowed postsurgical patients to safely and effectively self-administer doses of intravenous narcotics via a syringe pump and sequencing device. A pilot study was designed to evaluate PCA's safety and effectiveness in the terminally ill cancer patient. Eight patients whose(More)
Nifedipine kinetics have not been described in clinically relevant detail because of difficulties in formulating a stable preparation for intravenous use and lack of a specific and sensitive assay for plasma nifedipine. We recently developed a gas-chromatographic method and determined conditions in which nifedipine could be protected from photodegradation.(More)
In postoperative patients using patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) to administer i.v. doses of morphine sulfate, respiratory rates and subjective rankings of pain, sedation, and liking for the drug were correlated with plasma morphine concentrations. In 12 patients selected before surgery, the initial morphine sulfate dose of 0.6 mg/sq m was increased or(More)
Although NONMEM has been proposed as a modeling tool for sparse data sets, little work has described its application to pharmacokinetic data which is also amenable to typical evaluations. An analysis was performed with NONMEM using plasma concentration data obtained during the development of liquid and capsule extended-release (ER) pseudoephedrine products.(More)
The antihistaminic effect of loratadine (160 mg) was compared in twenty-four normal male volunteers to chlorpheniramine maleate (4 mg) and placebo in a double blinded 3-way cross-over study of latin square design. After receiving single oral doses of each medication, the wheal response to serial 0.1 ml intradermal histamine (2 µg) and saline (control)(More)
Patient-controlled analgesia is a relatively new method of administering intravenous narcotics for postoperative pain relief. The technique involves the self-administration of a given analgesic in a bolus dose with the aid of a timed infusion and sequencing device. Ten morbidity obese patients undergoing elective gastric bypass surgery were treated in a(More)