David A. Frank

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ter "The Development of In Vitro Fertilization from Laboratory Animals to Humans," by M.C. Chang, the pioneer in the field, is very interesting from both its historical standpoint and the fact that it is a fine dissertation on comparative reproductive physiology. It points out pertinent applications of animal and laboratory work to human work. The chapter(More)
A mechanism by which members of the ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF)-leukemia inhibitory factor cytokine family regulate gliogenesis in the developing mammalian central nervous system was characterized. Activation of the CNTF receptor promoted differentiation of cerebral cortical precursor cells into astrocytes and inhibited differentiation of cortical(More)
Intratumor heterogeneity is a major clinical problem because tumor cell subtypes display variable sensitivity to therapeutics and may play different roles in progression. We previously characterized 2 cell populations in human breast tumors with distinct properties: CD44+CD24- cells that have stem cell-like characteristics, and CD44-CD24+ cells that(More)
IL-2 plays a critical role in the maintenance of CD4+CD25+ FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) in vivo. We examined the effects of IL-2 signaling in human Tregs. In vitro, IL-2 selectively up-regulated the expression of FOXP3 in purified CD4+CD25+ T cells but not in CD4+CD25- cells. This regulation involved the binding of STAT3 and STAT5 proteins to a(More)
BACKGROUND Somatic mutations in the kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase gene EGFR are common in lung adenocarcinoma. The presence of mutations correlates with tumor sensitivity to the EGFR inhibitors erlotinib and gefitinib, but the transforming potential of specific mutations and their relationship to drug sensitivity have(More)
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare mesenchymal tumors. Here, we describe the identification of a NAB2-STAT6 fusion from whole-exome sequencing of 17 SFTs. Analysis in 53 tumors confirmed the presence of 7 variants of this fusion transcript in 29 tumors (55%), representing a lower bound for fusion frequency at this locus and suggesting that the(More)
The prognosis for adults with precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) remains poor, in part from a lack of therapeutic targets. We identified the type I cytokine receptor subunit CRLF2 in a functional screen for B-ALL-derived mRNA transcripts that can substitute for IL3 signaling. We demonstrate that CRLF2 is overexpressed in approximately 15%(More)
Much of the focus in understanding the molecular pathogenesis of tumors has centered on kinases that are activated in cancer. However, cancers driven by a diversity of activated kinases may have very similar pathological and clinical properties. This likely relates to the fact that the biological characteristics of a tumor are driven by the pattern of gene(More)
The switch from a quiescent tumor to an invasive tumor is accompanied by the acquisition of angiogenic properties. This phenotypic change likely requires a change in the balance of angiogenic stimulators and angiogenic inhibitors. The nature of the angiogenic switch is not known. Here, we show that introduction of activated H-ras into immortalized(More)
Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B cell neoplasm, which is one of the most common neoplasms of childhood. It is highly widespread in East Africa, where it appears in endemic form associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, and around the world in a sporadic form in which EBV infection is much less common. In addition to being the first human(More)