David A F Ellis

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Human and animal tissues collected in urban and remote global locations contain persistent and bioaccumulative perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs). The source of PFCAs was previously unknown. Here we present smog chamber studies that indicate fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) can degrade in the atmosphere to yield a homologous series of PFCAs. Atmospheric(More)
Perfluorooctanesulfonamides [C8F17SO2N(R1)(R2)] are present in the atmosphere and may, via atmospheric transport and oxidation, contribute to perfluorocarboxylates (PFCA) and perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) pollution in remote locations. Smog chamber experiments with the perfluorobutanesulfonyl analogue N-ethyl perfluorobutanesulfonamide [NEtFBSA;(More)
An accurately measured equilibrium acid dissociation constant (pKa) is essential for understanding and predicting the fate of perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) in the environment. The aqueous pKa of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) has been determined potentiometrically using a standard water-methanol mixed solvent approach and was found to be 3.8 +/- 0.1. The(More)
The ubiquitous detection of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) in humans and animals has produced a need for sensitive and compound-specific analytical methods to determine the environmental distribution of fluorinated organic contaminants. A suite of potential PFOS precursors (sulfonamides) and fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) were separated by gas(More)
In 2001, a sampling campaign was conducted in six North American cities--Reno, NV; Griffin, GA; Cleves, OH; Winnipeg, MB; Long Point, ON; and Toronto, ON--to investigate the tropospheric distribution of a suite of polyfluorinated alcohols and amides. Analysis via gas chromatography-chemical ionization-mass spectrometry indicated that both polyfluorinated(More)
Individual whole body homogenates of 4 year old lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) samples collected in 2001 from each of the Great Lakes were extracted using a novel fluorophilicity cleanup step and analyzed for perfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs). Standard addition and internal standardization were used for quantification. Results were reported (+/- SE) for(More)
Relative rate techniques were used to study the kinetics of the reactions of Cl atoms and OH radicals with a series of fluorotelomer alcohols, F(CF2CF2)nCH2CH2OH (n = 2, 3, 4), in 700 Torr of N2 or air, diluent at 296 +/- 2K. The length of the F(CF2CF2)n- group had no discernible impact on the reactivity of the molecule. For n = 2, 3, or 4, k(Cl +(More)
Twenty eight patients with bronchial carcinoma were studied before pneumonectomy. Measurement of spirometric indices, static lung volumes, transfer factor (TLCO), and transfer coefficient (KCO) was undertaken before and four months after pneumonectomy. Fourteen of the patients also performed a symptom limited progressive exercise test on a cycle ergometer(More)
Will consumer wearable technology ever be adopted or accepted by the medical community? Patients and practitioners regularly use digital technology (e.g., thermometers and glucose monitors) to identify and discuss symptoms. In addition, a third of general practitioners in the United Kingdom report that patients arrive with suggestions for treatment based on(More)
Exon skipping is considered a principal mechanism by which eukaryotic cells expand their transcriptome and proteome repertoires, creating different splice variants with distinct cellular functions. Here we analyze RNA-seq data from 116 transcriptomes in fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe), covering multiple physiological conditions as well as(More)